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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Write the complete orbital diagram for each of the following elements, using boxes to represent orbitals and arrows to represent electrons.

aluminum, =  13

phosphorus, Z = 15

bromine, Z = 35

argon, Z = 18

(a)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The orbital diagram of aluminium should be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

In an atom, electrons are placed in certain energy levels which are called as principal energy levels. These sub-levels are further divide into sub-levels and orbitals. Each orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons.

Explanation

The electronic configuration represents the total electrons in an atom. Here we show each orbital with respective number of electrons.

Electrons always fill in increasing order of their energy means first it will fill in lowest energy level then only move to higher one.

In an orbital diagram, there are fix number of electrons that can maximum accommodate in an orbital...

(b)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The orbital diagram of phosphorus should be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

In an atom, electrons are placed in certain energy levels which are called as principal energy levels. These sub-levels are further divide into sub-levels and orbitals. Each orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons.

(c)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The orbital diagram of bromine should be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

In an atom, electrons are placed in certain energy levels which are called as principal energy levels. These sub-levels are further divide into sub-levels and orbitals. Each orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons.

(d)
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The orbital diagram of bromine should be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

In an atom, electrons are placed in certain energy levels which are called as principal energy levels. These sub-levels are further divide into sub-levels and orbitals. Each orbital can accommodate maximum two electrons.

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