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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

List four properties of liquids that are directly determined by intermolecular forces.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Properties of liquid that are directly determined by intermolecular forces is to be listed.

Concept Introduction:

Intermolecular forces are the forces whether attraction or repulsion which acts between the molecules.

Boiling point, enthalpy of vaporization, volatility and surface tension… are the properties of liquid that can directly determine by intermolecular forces.

Explanation

Different properties of liquid can be directly determined by intermolecular forces, and they are listed below,

  1. (i) Boiling point
  2. (ii) Enthalpy of vaporization
  3. (iii) Viscosity
  4. (iv) Surface tension

The boiling point is the temperature at which the vapor pressure is equal to the external pressure. The higher the intermolecular force between molecules in a bulk sample, the higher its boiling point...

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