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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Based on the elements’ locations on the periodic table, how many 4 d electrons would be predicted for each of the following elements?

>a. ruthenium, Z = 44 c. tin, Z = 5 0

palladium, Z = 46 d. iron, Z = 26

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The total number of 4d electrons possessed by the given atom is to be stated.

Ruthenium.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

Explanation

The electronic configuration of ruthenium that has atomic number equal to 44 is shown as,

[Kr]4d75s1

As the electronic configuration of rutheni

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The total number of 4d electrons possessed by the given atom is to be stated.

Palladium.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The total number of 4d electrons possessed by the given atom is to be stated.

Tin.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The total number of 4d electrons possessed by the given atom is to be stated.

Iron.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron that is moving freely in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

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