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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Why do the metallic elements of a given period (horizontal row) typically have much lower ionization energies than do the nonmetallic elements of the same period?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason as to why the metallic elements of a given period have much lower ionization energies than the nonmetallic elements of the same period is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is defined as the minimum amount of energy required to eject a valence electron from an isolated gaseous atom. The value of ionization energy depends on the size of the atom as the larger the distance between the nucleus and electrons, the weaker will be the force of attraction between them and easier will be to eject the electron.

Explanation

Metals have larger atomic radii than nonmetals due to which there is less amount of attraction of proton and electron in the atom of metal as compared to the atom of a nonmetal...

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