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College Accounting (Book Only): A ...

13th Edition
Scott + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337280570

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Accounting (Book Only): A ...

13th Edition
Scott + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337280570
Textbook Problem

On December 31, Marchant Company took a physical count of its merchandise inventory. It operates under the perpetual inventory system. The physical count amounted to $185,294. The Merchandise Inventory account shows a balance of $187,936. Journalize the adjusting entry.

To determine

Journalize the adjusting entry under perpetual inventory system for merchandise inventory.

Explanation

Adjusting entries: Adjusting entries are those entries which are recorded at the end of the year, to update the income statement accounts (revenue and expenses) and balance sheet accounts (assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity) to maintain the records according to accrual basis principle.

Merchandise Inventory: Merchandise is the stock of goods bought by a wholesaler, or a retailer, or a trader, to be sold within a year. Merchandise Inventory is a current asset account which includes all the costs incurred to acquire merchandise, and process it further for sale.

Perpetual inventory system: The method or system of maintaining, recording, and adjusting the inventory perpetually throughout the year, is referred to as perpetual inventory system.

Journalizing the adjusting entry:

General JournalPage:
DateDescriptionPost Ref.

Debit

($)

Credit

($)

20___    
December31Cost of goods sold...

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