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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Which of the following compounds would be expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the liquid state?

  1. (a) CH3OCH3 (dimethyl ether)
  2. (b) CH4
  3. (c) HF
  4. (d) CH3CO2H (acetic acid)

images

  1. (e) Br2
  2. (f) CH3OH (methanol)

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.
Explanation

Given compound of dimethyl ether CH3OCH3 there is no hydrogen bonded to the oxygen only carbon, so no hydrogen bond presence of this molecule.

CH3Ox

(b).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.

(c).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.

(d).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.

(e).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.

(f).

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

From the following, identify which compound is expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonding in the liquid state.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrogen bonding is the intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom is attracted to an unshared pair of electrons of an electronegative atom in a nearby molecule.

Example of hydrogen bonding:

  • The hydrogen atom must be directly bonded to a small atom with high electronegative atoms of nitrogen, oxygen and flurine.
  • It can form with another molecule is (intermolecular bonding) or another part of the same molecule intramolecular hydrogen bonding.

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