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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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In each of the following sets of elements, which element would he expected to have the highest ionization energy?

msp;  a .  Cs ,  K ,  Li           c .  l ,  Br ,  Cl b .  Ba ,  Sr ,  Ca         d .  Mg ,  Si ,  S

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The element which has highest ionization energy in the given set of elements is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is defined as the minimum amount of energy required to eject a valence electron from an isolated gaseous atom. The value of ionization energy depends on the size of the atom as the larger the distance between the nucleus and electrons, the weaker will be the force of attraction between them and easier will be to eject the electron.

Explanation

On going down the group, the force of attraction between the nucleus and valence electrons in an atom decreases as the number of valence shells increases. So, it is easier to remove the outermost electron from the atom when the interaction decreases...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The element which has highest ionization energy in the given set of elements is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is defined as the minimum amount of energy required to eject a valence electron from an isolated gaseous atom. The value of ionization energy depends on the size of the atom as the larger the distance between the nucleus and electrons, the weaker will be the force of attraction between them and easier will be to eject the electron.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The element which has highest ionization energy in the given set of elements is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is defined as the minimum amount of energy required to eject a valence electron from an isolated gaseous atom. The value of ionization energy depends on the size of the atom as the larger the distance between the nucleus and electrons, the weaker will be the force of attraction between them and easier will be to eject the electron.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The element which has highest ionization energy in the given set of elements is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Ionization energy is defined as the minimum amount of energy required to eject a valence electron from an isolated gaseous atom. The value of ionization energy depends on the size of the atom as the larger the distance between the nucleus and electrons, the weaker will be the force of attraction between them and easier will be to eject the electron.

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