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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 11, Problem 9FIB
Textbook Problem
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Atoms of elements of Group 4A all contain ___ valence electrons. (11.4)

To determine

To fill in the blank: Number of valence electrons for the elements of group 4A.

Explanation of Solution

Valence electrons are the electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom. Elements lying in the same group have the same number of valence electrons.

For representative elements, number of valence electrons is equal to the group number...

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Chapter 11 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 11.5 - What is an ion?Ch. 11.5 - Name the compounds AsF5 and CaCl2.Ch. 11.6 - Why do the elements of a group react similarly?Ch. 11.6 - Which group is composed of monatomic gases, and...Ch. 11.6 - Predict the chemical formula for lithium chloride...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - KEY TERMS 1. chemistry (Intro) 2. element (11.1)...Ch. 11 - Which scientist is often referred to as the Father...Ch. 11 - A solute crystal dissolves when added to a...Ch. 11 - Which of these scientists in 1661 defined element...Ch. 11 - Which of these is a synthetic element? (11.2) (a)...Ch. 11 - Which one of these elements normally exists as a...Ch. 11 - Which element is the most common in the Earths...Ch. 11 - What is the Group IIIA element in Period 2? (11.4)...Ch. 11 - Which one of these elements has the greatest...Ch. 11 - Which one of these elements has the greatest...Ch. 11 - Which of these is the technical name for Ag3PO4?...Ch. 11 - Which of these is the technical name for SF4?...Ch. 11 - Which of these represents an alkaline earth metal...Ch. 11 - ____ is the study of compounds that contain carbon...Ch. 11 - In a solution, the substance present in the...Ch. 11 - Hot water dissolves ____ solute than the same...Ch. 11 - Nuclear bombardment of the element molybdenum (Mo)...Ch. 11 - The individual units making up substances such as...Ch. 11 - The most abundant metal in the Earths crust is...Ch. 11 - This allotrope of carbon, ___, is a black,...Ch. 11 - In 1869, a scientist named ___ developed the...Ch. 11 - Atoms of elements of Group 4A all contain ___...Ch. 11 - The metallic character of the elements ___ as you...Ch. 11 - The name of the C2H3O2 polyatomic ion is _____....Ch. 11 - The common name for the compound NaOH is ___....Ch. 11 - What do those in the field of chemistry study?Ch. 11 - Name the five major divisions of chemistry.Ch. 11 - Which illustrations in Fig. 11.30 represent...Ch. 11 - When solid copper and zinc are mixed to form the...Ch. 11 - What type of process is involved in going from...Ch. 11 - What characteristic distinguishes an element from...Ch. 11 - What type of process is involved in going from...Ch. 11 - Give one example each of a solid solution, a...Ch. 11 - Why does a carbonated beverage container sizzle...Ch. 11 - Name 6 of the first 12 elements that were...Ch. 11 - Name and describe how the first synthetic element...Ch. 11 - About how many elements are known at present?...Ch. 11 - Name the two elements that predominate in (a) the...Ch. 11 - What are the distinguishing characteristics of the...Ch. 11 - Name the scientist who receives the major credit...Ch. 11 - At first, the periodic table placed the elements...Ch. 11 - What characteristics of the elements are periodic?...Ch. 11 - What formal term is applied to (a) the horizontal...Ch. 11 - Why are chemists so interested in the number of...Ch. 11 - How do metals differ from nonmetals with regard to...Ch. 11 - How does metallic character change (a) across a...Ch. 11 - What are semimetals? What are their properties,...Ch. 11 - List the two elements that are liquids and the...Ch. 11 - How does the size of atoms change (a) across a...Ch. 11 - What are the common names for these compounds:...Ch. 11 - Distinguish between (a) an atom and a molecule,...Ch. 11 - Why is it necessary to use Greek prefixes when...Ch. 11 - Briefly, why do elements in a given group have...Ch. 11 - What are the interesting properties of noble...Ch. 11 - Name the four common halogens, and tell the normal...Ch. 11 - Explain why sodium iodide is added to table salt.Ch. 11 - What are the chemical formulas for these common...Ch. 11 - List some common uses for alkaline earth metals...Ch. 11 - Although listed in Group IA, hydrogen is not...Ch. 11 - Visualize the connections and give answers in the...Ch. 11 - Element 118 was reportedly synthesized in 1999,...Ch. 11 - Do you know your periodic table ABCs? What is the...Ch. 11 - Homogenized milk is composed of microscopic...Ch. 11 - Why might a locksmith put graphite in a cars door...Ch. 11 - An article in Science News stated, Noble gases are...Ch. 11 - Figure 11.27 shows a photograph of chlorine,...Ch. 11 - Consider the hypothetical case in which the charge...Ch. 11 - In late 2001, news reports said...Ch. 11 - Classify each of the following materials as an...Ch. 11 - Classify each of the following materials as an...Ch. 11 - Refer to Fig. 11.5. Find the approximate...Ch. 11 - Refer to Fig. 11.5. How many times more soluble...Ch. 11 - Refer to Fig. 11.5. Would the resulting solution...Ch. 11 - Refer to Fig. 11.5. Would the resulting solution...Ch. 11 - Give the symbol for each element: (a) sulfur, (b)...Ch. 11 - Give the symbol for each element: (a) platinum,...Ch. 11 - Give the name of each element: (a) N, (b) K, (c)...Ch. 11 - Give the name of each element: (a) Sb, (b) As, (c)...Ch. 11 - Refer to the periodic table, and give the period...Ch. 11 - Refer to the periodic table, and give the period...Ch. 11 - Classify each of these elements as representative,...Ch. 11 - Classify each of these elements as representative,...Ch. 11 - Give the total number of electrons, the number of...Ch. 11 - Give the total number of electrons, the number of...Ch. 11 - Use the periodic table to find the atomic mass,...Ch. 11 - Use the periodic table to find the atomic mass,...Ch. 11 - Give the shell electron configuration for (a)...Ch. 11 - Give the shell electron configuration for (a)...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing nonmetallic...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing nonmetallic...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing ionization energy...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing ionization energy...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing atomic size (a) the...Ch. 11 - Arrange in order of increasing atomic size (a) the...Ch. 11 - Name each of these common acids: (a) H2SO4(aq),...Ch. 11 - Name each of these common acids: (a) H3PO4(aq),...Ch. 11 - Give the preferred names for (a) CaBr2, (b) N2S5,...Ch. 11 - Give the preferred names for (a) Al2(CO3)3, (b)...Ch. 11 - Sodium forms the compounds Na2S, Na3N, and NaHCO3....Ch. 11 - Magnesium forms the compounds Mg(NO3)2, MgCl2,...

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