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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The number of different three-carbon and four-carbon alkyl groups are, respectively

  1. a. 2 and 3
  2. b. 2and 4
  3. c. 3 and 3
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of different three-carbon and four-carbon alkyl groups has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Alkyl groups are named according to IUPAC nomenclature.  The name is obtained considering the parent alkane name and replacing “-ane” with “-yl”.  In naming branched chain alkyl groups, this becomes little complicated.  Hence, IUPAC system for giving name to such larger groups names them by considering as if they were themselves a separate compound.  Three rules are followed while naming the larger groups.

Rule 1:

Longest continuous chain which begins at the point of attachment of the alkyl group becomes the base name for the alkyl group.

Rule 2:

Base chain that is identified is numbered in a way beginning at the point of attachment.

Rule 3:

The substituents that are present in the base chain is listed in alphabetical order using the locant as prefixes whenever necessary.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Three-carbon alkyl groups contain a point of attachment.  There are two possibilities of the alkyl groups.  They are drawn as shown below,

Four-carbon alkyl groups contain a point of attachment.  There are four possibilities of the alkyl groups.  They are drawn as shown below,

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Sect-1.5 P-2QQSect-1.5 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-1QQSect-1.6 P-2QQSect-1.6 P-3QQSect-1.6 P-4QQSect-1.7 P-1QQSect-1.7 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-1QQSect-1.8 P-2QQSect-1.8 P-3QQSect-1.8 P-4QQSect-1.8 P-5QQSect-1.8 P-6QQSect-1.8 P-7QQSect-1.9 P-1QQSect-1.9 P-2QQSect-1.10 P-1QQSect-1.10 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-1QQSect-1.11 P-2QQSect-1.11 P-3QQSect-1.12 P-1QQSect-1.12 P-2QQSect-1.12 P-3QQSect-1.13 P-1QQSect-1.13 P-2QQSect-1.13 P-3QQSect-1.14 P-1QQSect-1.14 P-2QQSect-1.14 P-3QQSect-1.15 P-1QQSect-1.15 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-1QQSect-1.16 P-2QQSect-1.16 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-1QQSect-1.17 P-2QQSect-1.17 P-3QQSect-1.17 P-4QQSect-1.18 P-1QQSect-1.18 P-2QQSect-1.18 P-3QQSect-1.18 P-4QQCh-1 P-1.1EPCh-1 P-1.2EPCh-1 P-1.3EPCh-1 P-1.4EPCh-1 P-1.5EPCh-1 P-1.6EPCh-1 P-1.7EPCh-1 P-1.8EPCh-1 P-1.9EPCh-1 P-1.10EPCh-1 P-1.11EPCh-1 P-1.12EPCh-1 P-1.13EPCh-1 P-1.14EPCh-1 P-1.15EPCh-1 P-1.16EPCh-1 P-1.17EPCh-1 P-1.18EPCh-1 P-1.19EPCh-1 P-1.20EPCh-1 P-1.21EPCh-1 P-1.22EPCh-1 P-1.23EPCh-1 P-1.24EPCh-1 P-1.25EPCh-1 P-1.26EPCh-1 P-1.27EPCh-1 P-1.28EPCh-1 P-1.29EPCh-1 P-1.30EPCh-1 P-1.31EPCh-1 P-1.32EPCh-1 P-1.33EPCh-1 P-1.34EPCh-1 P-1.35EPCh-1 P-1.36EPCh-1 P-1.37EPCh-1 P-1.38EPCh-1 P-1.39EPCh-1 P-1.40EPCh-1 P-1.41EPCh-1 P-1.42EPCh-1 P-1.43EPCh-1 P-1.44EPCh-1 P-1.45EPCh-1 P-1.46EPCh-1 P-1.47EPCh-1 P-1.48EPCh-1 P-1.49EPCh-1 P-1.50EPCh-1 P-1.51EPCh-1 P-1.52EPCh-1 P-1.53EPCh-1 P-1.54EPCh-1 P-1.55EPCh-1 P-1.56EPCh-1 P-1.57EPCh-1 P-1.58EPCh-1 P-1.59EPCh-1 P-1.60EPCh-1 P-1.61EPCh-1 P-1.62EPCh-1 P-1.63EPCh-1 P-1.64EPCh-1 P-1.65EPCh-1 P-1.66EPCh-1 P-1.67EPCh-1 P-1.68EPCh-1 P-1.69EPCh-1 P-1.70EPCh-1 P-1.71EPCh-1 P-1.72EPCh-1 P-1.73EPCh-1 P-1.74EPCh-1 P-1.75EPCh-1 P-1.76EPCh-1 P-1.77EPCh-1 P-1.78EPCh-1 P-1.79EPCh-1 P-1.80EPCh-1 P-1.81EPCh-1 P-1.82EPCh-1 P-1.83EPCh-1 P-1.84EPCh-1 P-1.85EPCh-1 P-1.86EPCh-1 P-1.87EPCh-1 P-1.88EPCh-1 P-1.89EPCh-1 P-1.90EPCh-1 P-1.91EPCh-1 P-1.92EPCh-1 P-1.93EPCh-1 P-1.94EPCh-1 P-1.95EPCh-1 P-1.96EPCh-1 P-1.97EPCh-1 P-1.98EPCh-1 P-1.99EPCh-1 P-1.100EPCh-1 P-1.101EPCh-1 P-1.102EPCh-1 P-1.103EPCh-1 P-1.104EPCh-1 P-1.105EPCh-1 P-1.106EPCh-1 P-1.107EPCh-1 P-1.108EPCh-1 P-1.109EPCh-1 P-1.110EPCh-1 P-1.111EPCh-1 P-1.112EPCh-1 P-1.113EPCh-1 P-1.114EPCh-1 P-1.115EPCh-1 P-1.116EPCh-1 P-1.117EPCh-1 P-1.118EPCh-1 P-1.119EPCh-1 P-1.120EPCh-1 P-1.121EPCh-1 P-1.122EPCh-1 P-1.123EPCh-1 P-1.124EPCh-1 P-1.125EPCh-1 P-1.126EPCh-1 P-1.127EPCh-1 P-1.128EPCh-1 P-1.129EPCh-1 P-1.130EPCh-1 P-1.131EPCh-1 P-1.132EPCh-1 P-1.133EPCh-1 P-1.134EPCh-1 P-1.135EPCh-1 P-1.136EPCh-1 P-1.137EPCh-1 P-1.138EPCh-1 P-1.139EPCh-1 P-1.140EPCh-1 P-1.141EPCh-1 P-1.142EPCh-1 P-1.143EPCh-1 P-1.144EPCh-1 P-1.145EPCh-1 P-1.146EPCh-1 P-1.147EPCh-1 P-1.148EP

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