# Based on Babich (1992). Suppose that each week each of 300 families buys a gallon of orange juice from company A, B, or C. Let p A denote the probability that a gallon produced by company A is of unsatisfactory quality, and define p B and p C similarly for companies B and C. If the last gallon of juice purchased by a family is satisfactory, the next week they will purchase a gallon of juice from the same company. If the last gallon of juice purchased by a family is not satisfactory, the family will purchase a gallon from a competitor. Consider a week in which A families have purchased juice A, B families have purchased juice B, and C families have purchased juice C. Assume that families that switch brands during a period are allocated to the remaining brands in a manner that is proportional to the current market shares of the other brands. For example, if a customer switches from brand A, there is probability B /( B + C ) that he will switch to brand B and probability C /( B + C ) that he will switch to brand C. Suppose that the market is currently divided equally: 10,000 families for each of the three brands. a. After a year, what will the market share for each firm be? Assume p A = 0.10 , p B = 0.15, and p C = 0.20. ( Hint : You will need to use the RISKBINOMLAL function to see how many people switch from A and then use the RISKBENOMIAL function again to see how many switch from A to B and from A to C. However, if your model requires more RISKBINOMIAL functions than the number allowed in the academic version of @RISK, remember that you can instead use the BENOM.INV (or the old CRITBENOM) function to generate binomially distributed random numbers. This takes the form =BINOM.INV ( ntrials, psuccess , RAND()).) b. Suppose a 1% increase in market share is worth \$10,000 per week to company A. Company A believes that for a cost of \$1 million per year it can cut the percentage of unsatisfactory juice cartons in half. Is this worthwhile? (Use the same values of p A , p B , and p C as in part a.)

### Practical Management Science

6th Edition
WINSTON + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337406659

### Practical Management Science

6th Edition
WINSTON + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337406659

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Chapter 11.4, Problem 31P
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