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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

A Freon is a halogenated methane in which both

  1. a. F and Cl are present
  2. b. Cl and Br are present
  3. c. F and Br are present
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Freon is a halogenated methane which contains what halogen atoms has to be chosen from the given set of options.

Concept Introduction:

The derivative of alkane with halogen instead of one or more hydrogen atoms is known as halogenated alkane.  If the same is present in cycloalkane, then it is known as halogenated cycloalkane.  They are product of reaction between alkane/cycloalkane with halogens.

Halogenation:

Halogenation is a chemical reaction between a substance and halogen.  The product of halogenation reaction is that one or more halogens are incorporated into molecules of the substance.  Halogenation of hydrocarbon gives hydrocarbon derivatives as product where halogen atoms are substituted instead of hydrogen atoms.

Halogenation reaction of alkane is an example of substitution reaction.  This is a reaction where a part of reacting molecule replaces an atom or group of atoms in hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative.

Chlorofluorocarbons:

They have the general molecular formula as CClxF4-x.  The trade name of chlorofluorocarbon is Freon.  The halogens that are present in Freon is chlorine and fluorine.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Freon is a halogenated methane.  The general molecular formula for Freon is CClxF4-x.  From this general formula, the halogen present in Freon is found to be chlorine and fluorine.  Therefore, option (a) is a correct one

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