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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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sing the VSEPR theory, media the molecular structure of each of the following polyatomic ions.

chlorate ion

chlorite ion

perchlorate ion

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Explanation

The molecular structure of the chlorate ion, ClO3 by using VSEPR theory is shown as,

Figure 1

As shown above, chlorine atom is bonded with three oxygen atoms

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR-theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

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