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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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sing the VSEPR theory, predict the molecular structure of each of the following molecules or ions containing multiple bonds.

msp;  a .  CO 3 2 b .  HNO 3 ( hydrogen is bonded to oxygen ) c .  NO 2 d .  C 2 H 2

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given ion containing multiple bonds by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model as the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Explanation

The molecular structure of the given ion, CO32 by using VSEPR theory is shown as,

Figure 1

In the above structure, carbon atom is bonded with three oxygen atoms

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given molecule containing multiple bonds by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model as the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given ion containing multiple bonds by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model as the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given molecule containing multiple bonds by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model as the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

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