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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Consider the three ionic compounds, NaCl, KCl, and LiCl.

  1. a Which compound would you expect to have the greatest lattice energy?
  2. b Which compound would have the greatest energy of hydration?
  3. c Are the three ionic compounds soluble in water?
  4. d What is the relationship between the lattice energy and the energy of hydration that will make an ionic compound soluble in water?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Of the three ionic compounds NaCl,LiCl,KCl - The compound with greatest lattice energy has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

The energy released when gaseous state ions of unlike charges that are infinitely farther apart combine to form a stable ionic solid is called Lattice energy.  Conversely, the energy required to break the electrostatic force of attraction between the ions of unlike charges in the ionic solid and revert them to gaseous state is also termed as Lattice energy of an ionic solid.

Explanation

The three ionic compounds - NaCl,LiCl,KCl has same anion. so the lattice energy of each compound depends upon the size of cation.  Smaller the internuclear distance between the anion and cation, greater is the electrostatic force of attraction between the ions and greater will be the lattice energy

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Of the three ionic compounds NaCl,LiCl,KCl - the compound having greatest energy of hydration has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Hydration energy refers to the quantity of energy released when one mole of ion gets hydrated at constant pressure.  Hydration energy of an ion depends upon its ionic size.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The solubility of three compounds NaCl,LiCl,KCl in water has to be described.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The relationship between lattice energy and energy of hydration has to be described.

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Chapter 12 Solutions

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Sect-12.4 P-12.7ESect-12.4 P-12.8ESect-12.4 P-12.9ESect-12.4 P-12.10ESect-12.4 P-12.11ESect-12.5 P-12.12ESect-12.5 P-12.5CCSect-12.6 P-12.13ESect-12.6 P-12.14ESect-12.6 P-12.15ESect-12.7 P-12.16ESect-12.7 P-12.6CCSect-12.8 P-12.17ESect-12.8 P-12.7CCSect-12.9 P-12.18ESect-12.9 P-12.8CCCh-12 P-12.1QPCh-12 P-12.2QPCh-12 P-12.3QPCh-12 P-12.4QPCh-12 P-12.5QPCh-12 P-12.6QPCh-12 P-12.7QPCh-12 P-12.8QPCh-12 P-12.9QPCh-12 P-12.10QPCh-12 P-12.11QPCh-12 P-12.12QPCh-12 P-12.13QPCh-12 P-12.14QPCh-12 P-12.15QPCh-12 P-12.16QPCh-12 P-12.17QPCh-12 P-12.18QPCh-12 P-12.19QPCh-12 P-12.20QPCh-12 P-12.21QPCh-12 P-12.22QPCh-12 P-12.23QPCh-12 P-12.24QPCh-12 P-12.25QPCh-12 P-12.26QPCh-12 P-12.27QPCh-12 P-12.28QPCh-12 P-12.29QPCh-12 P-12.30QPCh-12 P-12.31QPCh-12 P-12.32QPCh-12 P-12.33QPCh-12 P-12.34QPCh-12 P-12.35QPCh-12 P-12.36QPCh-12 P-12.37QPCh-12 P-12.38QPCh-12 P-12.39QPCh-12 P-12.40QPCh-12 P-12.41QPCh-12 P-12.42QPCh-12 P-12.43QPCh-12 P-12.44QPCh-12 P-12.45QPCh-12 P-12.46QPCh-12 P-12.47QPCh-12 P-12.48QPCh-12 P-12.49QPCh-12 P-12.50QPCh-12 P-12.51QPCh-12 P-12.52QPCh-12 P-12.53QPCh-12 P-12.54QPCh-12 P-12.55QPCh-12 P-12.56QPCh-12 P-12.57QPCh-12 P-12.58QPCh-12 P-12.59QPCh-12 P-12.60QPCh-12 P-12.61QPCh-12 P-12.62QPCh-12 P-12.63QPCh-12 P-12.64QPCh-12 P-12.65QPCh-12 P-12.66QPCh-12 P-12.67QPCh-12 P-12.68QPCh-12 P-12.69QPCh-12 P-12.70QPCh-12 P-12.71QPCh-12 P-12.72QPCh-12 P-12.73QPCh-12 P-12.74QPCh-12 P-12.75QPCh-12 P-12.76QPCh-12 P-12.77QPCh-12 P-12.78QPCh-12 P-12.79QPCh-12 P-12.80QPCh-12 P-12.81QPCh-12 P-12.82QPCh-12 P-12.83QPCh-12 P-12.84QPCh-12 P-12.85QPCh-12 P-12.86QPCh-12 P-12.87QPCh-12 P-12.88QPCh-12 P-12.89QPCh-12 P-12.90QPCh-12 P-12.91QPCh-12 P-12.92QPCh-12 P-12.93QPCh-12 P-12.94QPCh-12 P-12.95QPCh-12 P-12.96QPCh-12 P-12.97QPCh-12 P-12.98QPCh-12 P-12.99QPCh-12 P-12.100QPCh-12 P-12.101QPCh-12 P-12.102QPCh-12 P-12.103QPCh-12 P-12.104QPCh-12 P-12.105QPCh-12 P-12.106QPCh-12 P-12.107QPCh-12 P-12.108QPCh-12 P-12.109QPCh-12 P-12.110QPCh-12 P-12.111QPCh-12 P-12.112QPCh-12 P-12.113QPCh-12 P-12.114QPCh-12 P-12.115QPCh-12 P-12.116QPCh-12 P-12.117QPCh-12 P-12.118QPCh-12 P-12.119QPCh-12 P-12.120QPCh-12 P-12.121QPCh-12 P-12.122QPCh-12 P-12.123QPCh-12 P-12.124QPCh-12 P-12.125QPCh-12 P-12.126QPCh-12 P-12.127QPCh-12 P-12.128QPCh-12 P-12.129QPCh-12 P-12.130QPCh-12 P-12.131QPCh-12 P-12.132QPCh-12 P-12.133QPCh-12 P-12.134QPCh-12 P-12.135QPCh-12 P-12.136QPCh-12 P-12.137QPCh-12 P-12.138QPCh-12 P-12.139QPCh-12 P-12.140QPCh-12 P-12.141QPCh-12 P-12.142QP

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