General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343


Chapter 12, Problem 12.45QP
Textbook Problem

Arrange the following alkaline-earth-metal iodates in order of increasing solubility in water and explain your reasoning: Ba(IO3­)2, Ca(IO3)2, Sr(IO3)2, Mg(IO3)2. Note that IO3 is a large anion.

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Chapter 12 Solutions

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)
Ch. 12.4 - Calculate the mole fractions of toluene and...Ch. 12.4 - A solution is 0.120 m methanol dissolved in...Ch. 12.4 - A solution is 0.250 mole fraction methanol, CH3OH,...Ch. 12.4 - Urea, (NH2)2CO, is used as a fertilizer (sec the...Ch. 12.4 - An aqueous solution is 2.00 M urea. The density of...Ch. 12.5 - Naphthalene, C10H8, is used to make mothballs....Ch. 12.5 - Suppose you need to boil a water-based solution at...Ch. 12.6 - How many grams of ethylene glycol, CH2OHCH2OH,...Ch. 12.6 - A 0.930-g sample of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was...Ch. 12.6 - A 0.205-g sample of white phosphorus was dissolved...Ch. 12.7 - Calculate the osmotic pressure at 20C of an...Ch. 12.7 - Explain why pickles are stored in a brine (salt)...Ch. 12.8 - Estimate the boiling point of a 0.050 m aqueous...Ch. 12.8 - Each of the following substances is dissolved in a...Ch. 12.9 - Colloidal sulfur particles are negatively charged...Ch. 12.9 - If electrodes that are connected to a direct...Ch. 12 - Give one example of each: a gaseous solution, a...Ch. 12 - What are the two factors needed to explain the...Ch. 12 - Explain in terms of intermolecular attractions why...Ch. 12 - Explain why ionic substances show a wide range of...Ch. 12 - Using the concept of hydration, describe the...Ch. 12 - What is the usual solubility behavior of an ionic...Ch. 12 - Give one example of each: a salt whose heat of...Ch. 12 - What do you expect to happen to a concentration of...Ch. 12 - Explain why a carbonated beverage must be stored...Ch. 12 - Pressure has an effect on the solubility of oxygen...Ch. 12 - Four ways were discussed to express the...Ch. 12 - When two beakers containing different...Ch. 12 - Explain the process of fractional distillation to...Ch. 12 - Explain why the boiling point of a solution...Ch. 12 - List two applications of freezing-point...Ch. 12 - Explain the process of reverse osmosis to produce...Ch. 12 - One can often see sunbeams passing through the...Ch. 12 - Give an example of an aerosol, a foam, an...Ch. 12 - Explain on the basis that like dissolves like why...Ch. 12 - Explain how soap removes oil from a fabric.Ch. 12 - Calculate the number of moles of barium chloride...Ch. 12 - The mole fraction of copper(II) nitrate in an...Ch. 12 - If 291g of a compound is added to 1.02 kg of water...Ch. 12 - A 5.1-g sample of CaCl2 is dissolved in a beaker...Ch. 12 - Consider two hypothetical pure substances, AB(s)...Ch. 12 - Equal numbers of moles of two soluble, substances,...Ch. 12 - Even though the oxygen demands of trout and bass...Ch. 12 - You want to purchase a salt to melt snow and ice...Ch. 12 - Ten grams of the hypothetical ionic compounds XZ...Ch. 12 - Small amounts of a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte...Ch. 12 - A Cottrell precipitator consists of a column...Ch. 12 - Consider the following dilute NaCl(aq) solutions....Ch. 12 - A green leafy salad wilts if left too long in a...Ch. 12 - People have proposed towing icebergs to arid parts...Ch. 12 - If l-mol samples of urea, a nonelectrolyte, sodium...Ch. 12 - Consider the following three beakers that contain...Ch. 12 - Give an example of a liquid solution prepared by...Ch. 12 - Give an example of a solid solution prepared from...Ch. 12 - Would boric acid, B(OH)3, be more soluble in...Ch. 12 - Would naphthalene, C10H8, be more soluble in...Ch. 12 - Arrange the following substances in order of...Ch. 12 - Indicate which of the following is more soluble in...Ch. 12 - Which of the following ions would be expected to...Ch. 12 - Which of the following ions would be expected to...Ch. 12 - Arrange the following alkaline-earth-metal iodates...Ch. 12 - Explain the trends in solubility (grams per 100 mL...Ch. 12 - The solubility of carbon dioxide in water is 0.161...Ch. 12 - Nitrogen, N2, is soluble in blood and can cause...Ch. 12 - How would you prepare 78.0 g of an aqueous...Ch. 12 - How would you prepare 455 g of an aqueous solution...Ch. 12 - What mass of solution containing 5.00% potassium...Ch. 12 - What mass of solution containing 6.50% sodium...Ch. 12 - Vanillin, C2H2O3, occurs naturally in vanilla...Ch. 12 - Lauryl alcohol, C12H25OH, is prepared from coconut...Ch. 12 - Fructose, C6H12O6, is a sugar occurring in honey...Ch. 12 - Caffeine. C8H10N4O2, is a stimulant found in tea...Ch. 12 - A 100.0-g sample of a brand of rubbing alcohol...Ch. 12 - An automobile antifreeze solution contains 2.50 kg...Ch. 12 - A bleaching solution contains sodium hypochlorite,...Ch. 12 - An antiseptic solution contains hydrogen peroxide,...Ch. 12 - Concentrated hydrochloric acid contains 1.00 mol...Ch. 12 - Concentrated aqueous ammonia contains 1.00 mol NH3...Ch. 12 - Oxalic acid, H2C2O4, occurs as the potassium or...Ch. 12 - Citric acid, H3C6H5O7, occurs in plants. Lemons...Ch. 12 - A solution of vinegar is 0.763 M acetic arid,...Ch. 12 - A beverage contains tartaric acid, H2C4H4O6, a...Ch. 12 - Calculate the vapor pressure at 35C of a solution...Ch. 12 - What is the vapor pressure at 23C of a solution of...Ch. 12 - What is the boiling point of a solution of 0.133 g...Ch. 12 - A solution was prepared by dissolving 0.800 g of...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution of a molecular compound...Ch. 12 - Urea, (NH2)2CO, is dissolved in 250.0 g of water....Ch. 12 - A 0.0182-g sample of an unknown substance was...Ch. 12 - A solution contains 0.0653 g of a compound in 8.31...Ch. 12 - Safrole is contained in oil of sassafras and was...Ch. 12 - Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is used as an...Ch. 12 - Dextran is a polymeric carbohydrate produced by...Ch. 12 - Arginine vasopressin is a pituitary hormone. It...Ch. 12 - What is the freezing point of 0.0075 m aqueous...Ch. 12 - What is the freezing point of 0.0088 m aqueous...Ch. 12 - A 0.0140-g sample of an ionic compound with the...Ch. 12 - In a mountainous location, the boiling point of...Ch. 12 - Give the type of colloid (aerosol, foam, emulsion,...Ch. 12 - Give the type of colloid (aerosol, foam, emulsion,...Ch. 12 - Arsenic(III) sulfide forms a sol with a negative...Ch. 12 - Aluminum hydroxide forms a positively charged sol....Ch. 12 - A gaseous mixture consists of 87.0 mole percent N2...Ch. 12 - A natural gas mixture consists of 88.0 mole...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution is 14.0% ammonium chloride,...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution is 27.0% lithium chloride,...Ch. 12 - A 55-g sample of a gaseous fuel mixture contains...Ch. 12 - The diving atmosphere used by the U.S. Navy in its...Ch. 12 - A liquid solution consists of 0.30 mole fraction...Ch. 12 - What is the total vapor pressure at 20C of a...Ch. 12 - A sample of potassium aluminum sulfate 12-hydrate....Ch. 12 - A sample of aluminum sulfate 18-hydrate,...Ch. 12 - Urea, (NH2)2CO, has been used to melt ice from...Ch. 12 - Calcium chloride, CaCl2, has been used to melt ice...Ch. 12 - The osmotic pressure of blood at 37C is 7.7 atm. A...Ch. 12 - Maltose, C12H22O11, is a sugar produced by malting...Ch. 12 - Which aqueous solution has the lower freezing...Ch. 12 - Which aqueous solution has the lower boiling...Ch. 12 - Commercially, sulfuric acid is usually obtained as...Ch. 12 - Phosphoric acid is usually obtained as an 85%...Ch. 12 - A compound of manganese, carbon, and oxygen...Ch. 12 - A compound of cobalt, carbon, and oxygen contains...Ch. 12 - The carbohydrate digitoxose contains 48.64% carbon...Ch. 12 - Analysis of a compound gave 39.50% C, 2.21% H, and...Ch. 12 - Fish blood has an osmotic pressure equal to that...Ch. 12 - A salt solution has an osmotic pressure of 16...Ch. 12 - What is the difference between normal hemoglobin...Ch. 12 - What tends to happen to the hemoglobin in a blood...Ch. 12 - How are phospholipids similar in structure to a...Ch. 12 - How have chemists used these phospholipids to form...Ch. 12 - Two samples of sodium chloride solutions are...Ch. 12 - A sample of an ionic solid is dissolved in 1.00 kg...Ch. 12 - You have an aqueous, dilute solution of a...Ch. 12 - Consider the three ionic compounds, NaCl, KCl, and...Ch. 12 - The concentrations of pollutants are often...Ch. 12 - Which of the following ways of expressing...Ch. 12 - When 79.3 g of a particular compound is dissolved...Ch. 12 - What is the boiling point of a solution made by...Ch. 12 - At 15C and a partial pressure of 2.14 atm, the...Ch. 12 - Methanol, CH3OH, is a compound that is used in car...Ch. 12 - How many grams of potassium chloride must be added...Ch. 12 - Although somewhat toxic, barium chloride has been...Ch. 12 - Ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is known as grain alcohol and...Ch. 12 - A starch has a molar mass of 3.20 104 g/mol. If...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution is 0.797 M magnesium chloride....Ch. 12 - A CaCl2 solution at 25C has an osmotic pressure of...Ch. 12 - An experimenter makes up a solution of 0.375 mol...Ch. 12 - An experimenter makes up a solution of 0.360 mol...Ch. 12 - The lattice enthalpy of sodium chloride, H for...Ch. 12 - The lattice enthalpy of potassium chloride is 717...Ch. 12 - A solution is made up by dissolving 15.0 g...Ch. 12 - A solution is made up by dissolving 18.0 g...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution is 15.0% by mass of copper(II)...Ch. 12 - An aqueous solution is 20.0% by mass of sodium...Ch. 12 - The freezing point of 0.0830 m aqueous acetic acid...Ch. 12 - The freezing point of 0.109 m aqueous formic acid...Ch. 12 - A compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen was...Ch. 12 - A compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen was...

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