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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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hich of the following compounds or ions exhibit resonance?

msp;  a .  O 3                                         d .  CO 3 2 b .  CNO e .  AsF 3 c .  Asl 3

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given compounds or ions, the compounds or ions that exhibit resonance are to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Resonance structure is a blend of two or more Lewis structures. Resonance structures are represented by a double-headed arrow between the structures.

A condition for resonance is:

If the structure contains electrons in the parallel p orbitals which must be coplanar, then it exhibits resonance.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

(a) In O3, the resonance structures that are formed participate equally to the complete hybrid structure of ozone molecule. The resonance structures of ozone are shown as,

Figure 1

Thus, ozone forms two possible resonance structures by shifting the bond pairs and lone pairs of electrons on oxygen atoms.

(b) In CNO, the resonance structures that are formed participate equally to the complete hybrid structure of CNO ion. The resonance structures of CNO ion are shown as,

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