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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Explain how you can use the periodic table to predict the formula of compounds.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The method by which the periodic table is used to predict the formula of the compounds is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

A table in which the elements are arranged in a systematic form is known as periodic table. The rows of the periodic table are known as periods and the columns of the periodic table are known as groups. The elements in the same group have the same general electronic configuration.

Explanation

First of all, the periodic table is used to know the symbol of an element and its electronic configuration. The electronic configuration of the elements helps to know the number of valence shell electrons. These valence electrons are used to make bonds between two atoms by sharing. The formation of the compound is based on the consideration that atoms must achieve the noble gas configuration by sharing, gaining or losing the valence electrons.

Thus, consider the prediction of the ionic formula of a compound. Both the atoms which are making a compound should contain equal quantity of positive and negative charges. These equal charges are obtained by losing or gaining the electrons from the atoms...

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