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College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305952300
Textbook Problem

An ideal gas is compressed to half its initial volume by means of several possible processes. Which of the following processes results in the most work done on the gas? (a) isothermal (b) adiabatic (c) isobaric (d) The work done is independent of the process.

To determine
The processes results in most work done on the gas.

Explanation

Given Info:

The ideal gas is compressed to half its initial volume.

The process with which the pressure of the gas will be a constant irrespective of whether the gas expands or compressed is known as isobaric process.

In an adiabatic system, no energy will enter of leaves the system. The system will be thermally isolated from the environment.

In an isothermal process, the temperature of the system will not change throughout of the process.

Conclusion:

In an adiabatic compression in ideal gas, there is no thermal contact with the system and its surroundings. Thus, when the ideal gas is compressed to its half its initial volume, temperature of the gas will be increased. The increase in temperature of the gas will cause the increase in the internal energy of the gas...

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