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Suppose that this year’s money supply is $500 billion, nominal GDP is $10 trillion, and real GDP is $5 trillion. a. What is the price level? What is the velocity of money? b. Suppose that velocity is constant and the economy’s output of goods and services rises by 5 percent each year. What will happen to nominal GDP and the price level next year if the Fed keeps the money supply constant? c. What money supply should the Fed set next year if it wants to keep the price level stable? d. What money supply should the Fed set next year if it wants inflation of 10 percent?

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Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337091985
BuyFind

Brief Principles of Macroeconomics...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337091985

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 12, Problem 1PA
Textbook Problem

Suppose that this year’s money supply is $500 billion, nominal GDP is $10 trillion, and real GDP is $5 trillion.

a. What is the price level? What is the velocity of money?

b. Suppose that velocity is constant and the economy’s output of goods and services rises by 5 percent each year. What will happen to nominal GDP and the price level next year if the Fed keeps the money supply constant?

c. What money supply should the Fed set next year if it wants to keep the price level stable?

d. What money supply should the Fed set next year if it wants inflation of 10 percent?

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