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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Why is the presence of a dipole moment in the water molecule so important? What are some properties of water that are determined by its polarity?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason corresponding to the statement that the presence of a dipole moment in water molecule is so important is to be stated. The properties of water that are determined by its polarity are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The separation of electrical charge, due to which a molecule possesses the electric dipole moment that contains an end with negative charge and another end with positive charge, is known as polarity.

The chemical bond that exists between two atoms in which electrons are distributed in an unequal amount is known as polar bond. Due to this unequal distribution of electrons, the molecule will possess the dipole moment in which one end will have partial positive charge and other end will have partial negative charge.

Explanation

The presence of a dipole moment in water molecule is so important because dipole moment permits the molecule to become polar. In water molecule, oxygen atom contains a negative charge and hydrogen atom contains a positive charge. This separation of charges permits the water molecule to form hydrogen bonding with another water molecule. Thus, the polar nature of water molecule allows it to bond with other water molecules.

The properties of water that are determined by its polarity are as follows.

  • Due to the polar nature of water molecule, it can form hydrogen bonding with other water molecules...

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