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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Elemental silicon and carbon (in the diamond allotropic form) have the same solid-state structure. However, diamond is an insulator and silicon is a semiconductor. Explain why there is a difference.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason for the elemental silicon and diamond has the same solid-state structure but the diamond is insulator and silicon is semiconductor has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

  • Semiconductors will conduct the electric current more easily.
  • Insulator: Under the influence of electric field, the little electric current will flow in the material is called insulator, whose internal electric charges do not flow freely.
Explanation

In the band gap is so large in the carbon for the movement of electrons from valence band and the conduction band. But the band gap is small in the sil...

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