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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following “bonding behaviors” is not possible for a carbon atom?

  1. a. formation of four single bonds
  2. b. formation of two double bonds
  3. c. formation of two triple bonds
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The bonding behaviors that is not possible for carbon atom has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Carbon atom is the main constituent in organic compounds.  Carbon atom has the ability to form bonds with each other carbon atoms in a chain form, cyclic form or both.  This is possible because of the electronic configuration of carbon atom.  This is present in Group IVA of periodic table.  Carbon has a total of four valence electrons.  For the formation of any compounds, an additional four electrons are needed to give the carbon atom a octet configuration.  Carbon can form covalent bonds like single, double and triple bond.  Other bonds are not possible because, the octet configuration will be attained.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carbon atom can form single, double and triple bond with other atoms through covalent bonding.  Carbon atom cannot form two triple bonds because the maximum electrons that can be shared by carbon atom in covalent bonding is only four.  If two triple bonds are formed means, then the carbon atom has to share six valence electrons which is not possible.  Therefore, formation of two triple bonds is not possible for carbon atoms...

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