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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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The metallic elements lose electrons when reacting, and the resulting positive ions have an electron configuration analogenus to the noble gas element.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The correct term corresponding to given blank is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

The distribution of the electrons that exists in the atomic orbital of an atom is collectively known as electronic configuration. The description of every electron in an orbital is given by the electronic configuration of that atom.

The electrically charged species that can be formed after the removal or addition of electrons are known as ions.

Explanation

A simple cation or positive ion can be formed by the given element by losing an electron. After becoming an ion, the number of electrons of positive ions becomes equal to the number of electrons of the noble gas element. Hence, the electron configuration of positive ions becomes equal to the electron configuration of noble gas element. For example,

A simple ion that can be formed by the given element, rubidium, is Rb+ (rubidium cation) by losing one electron which is shown as,

RbRb++e

The atomic number of rubidium atom is 37. Thus, the number of electrons of rubidium cation after losing one electron is 36

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