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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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What do we mean by covalent bonding and polar covalent bonding? How are these two bonding types similar and how do they differ? What circumstance must exist for a bond to he purely covalent? How does a polar covalent bond differ from an ionic bond?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The term covalent bonding and polar covalent bonding should be defined. The two types of bonding should be compared. The circumstances that exist for a bond to be purely covalent should be discussed. The difference between polar covalent and ionic bond should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

The matter surrounding us mainly composed of “Mixtures”. Mixtures contain “Compounds” which composed of atoms from different elements bound together. The way in which atoms are bound together has a significant effect on chemical and physical properties of substances. Understanding the nature of chemical bonding and the factors that control the structures of compounds is important to understand the behavior of natural materials. The group of two or more atoms come closer to each other by a force known as “Bond”.

Explanation

Covalent bonds are formed when two atoms attracted equally by their mutual nuclei to share two electrons. Hydrogen (H2 ) molecule is an example for covalent bonding.

There are intermediate cases, where the electrons are not completely equally shared by two atoms or transferred to other atom. That is called Polar-covalent bonding. Hydrogen fluoride (HF) is an example for Polar-covalent bonding.

When a metal loses its electron it becomes positively charged, it can then react with a non-metal which is negatively charged due to gain of electron to form ionic bond...

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