Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074



Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

We have identified six types of solids (metallic, ionic, molecular, network, amorphous, alloys). What particles make up each of these solids and what are the forces of attraction between these particles?

Interpretation Introduction


The particles that make up each solids and forces of attraction between the particles have to be identified.

Concept introduction:

Metallic solid:

Metallic solid is high melting points, range from soft and malleable to very hard, which are good conductors of electricity.

Ionic solid:

Ionic solid has very high melting points

Ionic solids are brittleness and poor conductors in the solid state.

Molecular solid:

Molecular solids melt closer to 300 °C, which is can be either ductile or brittle. Many molecular solids have a large band gap between the valence band and conduction band.

Network solid:

Network solid has very high melting point, which are very hard.

Network solid doesn't conduct electricity, which are insoluble in water and organic solvents.

Amorphous solid:

In these solids particles are randomly arranged in three dimensions, does not have sharp melting points, which forms due to sudden cooling of liquid.

Alloy solid:

Alloy solid is high melting points, which are good conductors of electricity.


Metallic solid:

In the metallic solid, metal atoms are electrostatic forces between metal ions and the free electrons.

Ionic solid:

In ionic solid, the force of attraction between the ions is electrostatic forces. The particles are positively and negatively charged ions.

Molecular solid:

The consistent forces that bind the molecules together are van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole interactions, quadrupole interactions, π-π interactions, hydrogen bonding...

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