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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Which simple ion would each of the following elements be expected to form? Which noble gas has an analogous electron configuration to each of the ions?

msp;  a .  bromine ,  Z  =  35 b .  cesium ,  Z  =  55 c .  phosphorus ,  Z  =  15 d .  sulfur ,  Z  =  16

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The simplest ion that the element is expected to form and the noble gas having analogous configuration to the ion formed are to be stated.

Bromine, Z=35.

Concept Introduction:

Elements lose or gain electrons to get stable by attaining noble gas configuration. The number of electrons to be lost or gained is decided by octet’s rule. Each element attains noble gas configuration either by losing electrons and gaining electrons to form their respective ions.

Explanation

The electron configuration of the given element with Z=35 is 1s22s22p63s23p63d104s24p5. The number of valence electrons of bromine are 7. Bromine requires 1 electron to complete its octet, i.e. 7+1=8

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The simplest ion that the element is expected to form and the noble gas having analogous configuration to the ion formed are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Elements lose or gain electrons to get stable by attaining noble gas configuration. The number of electrons to be lost or gained is decided by octet’s rule. Each element attains noble gas configuration either by losing electrons and gaining electrons to form their respective ions.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The simplest ion that the element is expected to form and the noble gas having analogous configuration to the ion formed are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Elements lose or gain electrons to get stable by attaining noble gas configuration. The number of electrons to be lost or gained is decided by octet’s rule. Each element attains noble gas configuration either by losing electrons and gaining electrons to form their respective ions.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The simplest ion that the element is expected to form and the noble gas having analogous configuration to the ion formed are to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

Elements lose or gain electrons to get stable by attaining noble gas configuration. The number of electrons to be lost or gained is decided by octet’s rule. Each element attains noble gas configuration either by losing electrons and gaining electrons to form their respective ions.

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