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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Which of the following has me smallest ionization energy?

msp;  a .  Se 2       d .  Zr 4 + b .  Br         e .  Rb + c .  Sr 2 +

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The smallest ion should be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Energy required to remove an electron from an individual atom in gas phase defined as its ionization energy.

M   M+(g) + e.

Explanation

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6

There are only one s orbital, three no: of p orbitals, five no: of d orbitals and seven no: of f orbitals can be present and every one of above mentioned orbitals include, maximum two no: of electrons which are opposite in spin.

Se, Z =341s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p4

Thus,

Se2, Z =361s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6

Br, Z =351s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p5

Thus,

Br, Z =361s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p6

Sr, Z =381s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s2

Thus,

Sr2+, Z =361s22s22p63s23p6

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