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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Based on the electron configuration of the simple ions that the following pairs of elements would be expected to form, predict the formula of the simple binary compound that would be formed by each pair.

msp;  a . Al and Cl         d . Ca and O b . Na and N        e . K and O c . Mg and S         f . sr and Br

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  1

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  2

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

Explanation

Al and Cl

Al, Z= 13  1s22s22p63s23p1     ( Group III A element ( Simple ion = Al3+

Cl, Z= 17  1s22s22p6</

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  3

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  4

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  5

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  6

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  7

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  8

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

Interpretation Introduction

(e)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  9

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  10

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

Interpretation Introduction

(f)

Interpretation:

Predict the simple binary compound that can be formed by the use of electron configuration of the simple ions which are formed by those elements.

Concept Introduction:

Electron configuration describes the positions of electrons of an atom. Depending on that the periodic table is created. Periodic table further defines the simple ion that can be formed by any element. And using those ions, simple binary compounds can be produced.

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  11

Order in which orbitals fill to produce the atoms in periodic table as follows:

1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p65s24d105p66s24f145d106p67s25f146d107p6   

Simplest ion form by each group as follows:

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation, Chapter 12, Problem 45CR , additional homework tip  12

If it’s a compound made by a combination of metal and nonmetal elements, called as ionic compounds.

Ionic chemical compound must have a zero charge. If a compound contains ions;

1. Both positive ions (cations) and negative ions (anions) must be there.

2. No: of cations and anions collectively should produce a zero-net charge.

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