College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300

College Physics

11th Edition
Raymond A. Serway + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305952300


Chapter 12, Problem 59P
Textbook Problem

Sweating is one of the main mechanisms with which the body dissipates heat. Sweat evaporates with a latent heat of 2 430 kJ/kg at body temperature, and the body can produce as much as 1.5 kg of sweat per hour. If sweating were the only heat dissipation mechanism, what would be the maximum sustainable metabolic rate, in watts, if 80% of the energy used by the body goes into waste heat?

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Chapter 12 Solutions

College Physics
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Ch. 12 - An ideal gas undergoes an adiabatic process so...Ch. 12 - Is it possible to construct a heat engine that...Ch. 12 - A heat engine does work Weng while absorbing...Ch. 12 - When a sealed Thermos bottle full of hot coffee is...Ch. 12 - The first law of thermodynamics is U = Q + W. For...Ch. 12 - The first law of thermodynamics says we cant get...Ch. 12 - Objects A and B with TA TB are placed in thermal...Ch. 12 - Using the first law of thermodynamics, explain why...Ch. 12 - What is wrong with the following statement: Given...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas is compressed to half its initial...Ch. 12 - A thermodynamic process occurs in which the...Ch. 12 - A window air conditioner is placed on a table...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas is enclosed in a cylinder with a...Ch. 12 - Sketch a PV diagram and find the work done by the...Ch. 12 - Gas in a container is at a pressure of 1.5 atm and...Ch. 12 - Find the numeric value of the work done on the gas...Ch. 12 - A gas expands from I to F along the three paths...Ch. 12 - A gas follows the PV diagram in Figure P12.6. Find...Ch. 12 - A sample of helium behaves as an ideal gas as it...Ch. 12 - (a) Find the work done by an ideal gas as it...Ch. 12 - One mole of an ideal gas initially at a...Ch. 12 - (a) Determine the work done on a fluid that...Ch. 12 - A balloon holding 5.00 moles of helium gas absorbs...Ch. 12 - A chemical reaction transfers 1250 J of thermal...Ch. 12 - The only form of energy possessed by molecules of...Ch. 12 - A cylinder of volume 0.300 m3 contains 10.0 mol of...Ch. 12 - A gas expands from I to F in Figure P12.5. The...Ch. 12 - In a running event, a sprinter does 4.8 105 J of...Ch. 12 - A gas is compressed at a constant pressure of...Ch. 12 - A quantity of a monatomic ideal gas undergoes a...Ch. 12 - A gas is enclosed in a container fitted with a...Ch. 12 - A monatomic ideal gas under-goes the thermodynamic...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas is compressed from a volume of Vi =...Ch. 12 - A system consisting of 0.025 6 moles of a diatomic...Ch. 12 - An ideal monatomic gas expands isothermally from...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas expands at constant pressure. (a)...Ch. 12 - An ideal monatomic gas contracts in an isobaric...Ch. 12 - An ideal diatomic gas expands adiabatically from...Ch. 12 - An ideal monatomic gas is contained in a vessel of...Ch. 12 - Consider the cyclic process described by Figure...Ch. 12 - A 5.0-kg block of aluminum is heated from 20C to...Ch. 12 - One mole of gas initially at a pressure of 2.00...Ch. 12 - A gas increases in pressure from 2.00 atm to 6.00...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas expands at a constant pressure of...Ch. 12 - A heat engine operates between a reservoir at 25C...Ch. 12 - A heat engine is being designed to have a Carnot...Ch. 12 - The work done by an engine equals one-fourth the...Ch. 12 - In each cycle of its operation, a heat engine...Ch. 12 - One of the most efficient engines ever built is a...Ch. 12 - A lawnmower engine ejects 1.00 104 J each second...Ch. 12 - An engine absorbs 1.70 kJ from a hot reservoir at...Ch. 12 - A heat pump has a coefficient of performance of...Ch. 12 - A freezer has a coefficient of performance of...Ch. 12 - Two heat engines are operated in series so that...Ch. 12 - In one cycle a heat engine absorbs 500 J from a...Ch. 12 - A power plant has been proposed that would make...Ch. 12 - A certain nuclear power plant has an electrical...Ch. 12 - A heat engine operates in a Carnot cycle between...Ch. 12 - A Styrofoam cup holding 125 g of hot water at 1.00...Ch. 12 - A 65-g ice cube is initially at 0.0C. (a) Find the...Ch. 12 - A freezer is used to freeze 1.0 L of water...Ch. 12 - What is the change in entropy of 1.00 kg of liquid...Ch. 12 - A 70.0-kg log falls from a height of 25.0 m into a...Ch. 12 - A sealed container holding 0.500 kg of liquid...Ch. 12 - The surface of the Sun is approximately at 5.70 ...Ch. 12 - When an aluminum bar is temporarily connected...Ch. 12 - Prepare a table like Table 12.3 for the following...Ch. 12 - This is a symbolic version of Problem 54. When a...Ch. 12 - On a typical day, a 65-kg man sleeps for 8.0 h,...Ch. 12 - A weightlifter has a basal metabolic rate of 80.0...Ch. 12 - Sweating is one of the main mechanisms with which...Ch. 12 - A woman jogging has a metabolic rate of 625 W. (a)...Ch. 12 - Suppose a highly trained athlete consumes oxygen...Ch. 12 - A Carnot engine operates between the temperatures...Ch. 12 - A 1 500-kW heat engine operates at 25% efficiency....Ch. 12 - A Carnot engine operates between 100C and 20C. How...Ch. 12 - A substance undergoes the cyclic process shown in...Ch. 12 - When a gas follows path 123 on the PV diagram in...Ch. 12 - A 1.0 102-kg steel support rod in a building has...Ch. 12 - An ideal gas initially at pressure P0, volume V0,...Ch. 12 - One mole of neon gas is heated from 300. K to 420....Ch. 12 - Every second at Niagara Falls, approximately 5.00 ...Ch. 12 - A cylinder containing 10.0 moles of a monatomic...Ch. 12 - Two moles of molecular hydrogen (H2) react with 1...Ch. 12 - Suppose you spend 30.0 minutes on a stair-climbing...Ch. 12 - Hydrothermal vents deep on the ocean floor spout...Ch. 12 - An electrical power plant has an overall...Ch. 12 - A diatomic ideal gas expands from a volume of VA =...

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