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When someone owns an asset (such as a share of stock) that rises in value, he has an “accrued” capital gain. If he sells the asset, he “realizes” the gains that have previously accrued. Under the U.S. income tax system, realized capital gains are taxed, but accrued gains are not. a. Explain how individuals’ behavior is affected by this rule. b. Some economists believe that cuts in capital gains tax rates, especially temporary ones, can raise tax revenue. How might this be so? c. Do you think it is a good rule to tax realized but not accrued capital gains? Why or why not?

BuyFind

Principles of Microeconomics

7th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305156050
BuyFind

Principles of Microeconomics

7th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305156050

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 12, Problem 6PA
Textbook Problem

When someone owns an asset (such as a share of stock) that rises in value, he has an “accrued” capital gain. If he sells the asset, he “realizes” the gains that have previously accrued. Under the U.S. income tax system, realized capital gains are taxed, but accrued gains are not.

a. Explain how individuals’ behavior is affected by this rule.

b. Some economists believe that cuts in capital gains tax rates, especially temporary ones, can raise tax revenue. How might this be so?

c. Do you think it is a good rule to tax realized but not accrued capital gains? Why or why not?

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