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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Using the VSEPR theory, predict the molecular structure of each of the following polyatomic ions.

msp;  a .  sulfate ion ,  SO 4 2 b .  phosphate ion ,  PO 4 3 c .  ammonium ion ,  NH 4 +

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Explanation

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion, SO42 that is predicted by using VSEPR theory is shown as,

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The molecular structure of the given polyatomic ion by using VSEPR theory is to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

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