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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

8th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199030

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

8th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285199030
Chapter 12, Problem 86QAP
Textbook Problem
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For each of the following molecules or ion. indicate the bond angle expected between the central atom and any two adjacent chlorine atoms.

msp;  a .  Cl 2 O   b .  NC1 3 c .  CCl 4     d .  C 2 Cl 4

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

In the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent chlorine atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Explanation of Solution

The expected bond angle between the central atom and two adjacent chlorine atoms of Cl2O molecule is shown as,

Figure 1

As shown above, oxygen atom is bonded with two chlor

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

In the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent chlorine atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

In the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent chlorine atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

In the given molecule, the bond angle that is expected between the central atom and any two adjacent chlorine atoms is to be stated.

Concept Introduction:

VSEPR theory is an important model that is frequently used in chemistry to decide the shape and geometry of the molecules. VSEPR model is the extension of Lewis model. As the Lewis model is not able to explain the shape of the molecules. In terms of electron density it is given that both the bonding electrons as well as lone pair of electrons holds the shape of the molecule.

The shape in VSEPR model gives specific angles between the bonds for the corresponding shape and these angles are known as bond angles.

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Chapter 12 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
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Ch. 12 - hat is meant by a chemical bond?Ch. 12 - hy do atoms form bonds with one another? What can...Ch. 12 - ow does a bond between Naand Cldiffer from a bond...Ch. 12 - n your own words, what is meant by the term...Ch. 12 - xplain the difference between ionic bonding and...Ch. 12 - rue or false? In general, a larger atom has a...Ch. 12 - hy is there an octet rule (and what does actet...Ch. 12 - Does a Lewis structure tell which electrons came...Ch. 12 - If lithium and fluorine react, which has more...Ch. 12 - In a bond between fluorine and iodine, which has...Ch. 12 - We use differences in electronegative to account...Ch. 12 - Explain how you can use the periodic table to...Ch. 12 - Why do we only the consider the valence electrons...Ch. 12 - How do we determine the total number of valence...Ch. 12 - What is the main idea in the valence shell...Ch. 12 - The molecules NH3andBF3have the same general...Ch. 12 - How do we deal with multiple bonds in VSEPR...Ch. 12 - In Section 12.10 of your text, the term “effective...Ch. 12 - Consider the ions Sc3+,Cl,Ca2+,andS2.Match these...Ch. 12 - Write the name of each of the following shapes of...Ch. 12 - n general terms, what is a chemical band?Ch. 12 - What does the bond energy of a chemical bond...Ch. 12 - hat sorts of elements react to form ionic...Ch. 12 - n general terms, what is a covalent bond?Ch. 12 - escribe the type of bonding that exists in the...Ch. 12 - ompare and contrast the bonding found in the...Ch. 12 - he relative ability of an atom in a molecule to...Ch. 12 - hat does it mean to say that a bond is polar? 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