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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Consider the following order: Li  <  N  <  F . For which of the following properties does the order show the correct trend?

size

electronegativity

metallic character

number of unpaired electrons

More than one of the above properties (a—d) shows the correct trend.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given properties, the one that indicates the order which shows the correct trend is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

The ability that is possessed by an atom to attract the bonding pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. The electronegativity decreases while going down the group and increases while from moving left to right in the period.

The distance between the nucleus and the valence shell electrons of an atom is known to be the atomic size of that atom. According to the periodic table, the atomic size increases while going down the group and decreases while moving from left to right in the period.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

(b) The given order is,

Li<N<F

This order follows the electronegativity trend. According to the periodic table, the electronegativity of the elements increases while moving from left to right in the period

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