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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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hat does it mean to say that a bond is polar? Give two examples of molecules with polar bonds. Indicate in your examples the direction of the polarity.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The meaning of statement that a bond is polar and two examples of molecules with polar bonds are to be stated. The direction of the polarity in both the molecules is to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

The electronegativity of an element relies upon its place in the periodic table. On moving from top to bottom, the tendency to gain electrons, decreases, due to the increase of a number of shells. It increases the distance between the nucleus and valence shell, which further reduces the electronegativity of an element.

Explanation

The polar compounds comprise polar bonds. The polarity arises due to the electronegativity difference between atoms. The electronegativity difference creates positive or negative charges on atoms. The bonds which possess an unequal distribution of charges are referred to as polar bonds.

The first example of polar compound containing polar bonds along with the direction of polarity is shown below.

Figure 1

In the above figure, the example of formaldehyde (HCHO) is shown. An oxygen atom has more tendency to attract electrons towards it due to which it is more electronegative as compared to carbon atom

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