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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

If v lies in the first quadrant and makes an angle π/3 with the positive x-axis and | v | = 4, find v in component form.

To determine

To find: The component form of vector v.

Explanation

Given:

The magnitude of vector v (|v|) as 4 and the value of angle with positive x-axis as π3 .

Definition:

Plotting a triangle of vector:

Consider a two-dimensional vector a as ai+bj and hence xy-plane is used to plot the vector. Consider x-axis as i-component of vector and y-axis as j-component of vector. Plot the point (a,b) in xy-plane. Connect the vector point and origin to line and draw a perpendicular line on x-axis from the point. Therefore, a right angle triangle is made using a vector.

Formula:

Write the expression for cosθ of right angle triangle.

cosθ=adjacentsidehypotenuse (1)

Write the expression for sinθ of right angle triangle.

sinθ=oppositesidehypotenuse (2)

Consider the formula for component form for vector v.

v=v1,v2 (3)

According to definition, Consider x-axis as i-component of vector and y-axis as j-component of vector. Plot the point (v1,v2) in xy-pane. Connect the vector point and origin to line and draw a perpendicular line on x-axis from the point. Therefore, a right angle triangle is made using a vector.

The sketch of vector v=v1,v2 is shown in Figure 1.

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Chapter 12 Solutions

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P-48ESect-12.6 P-49ESect-12.6 P-50ESect-12.6 P-51ESect-12.6 P-52ECh-12 P-1RCCCh-12 P-2RCCCh-12 P-3RCCCh-12 P-4RCCCh-12 P-5RCCCh-12 P-6RCCCh-12 P-7RCCCh-12 P-8RCCCh-12 P-9RCCCh-12 P-10RCCCh-12 P-11RCCCh-12 P-12RCCCh-12 P-13RCCCh-12 P-14RCCCh-12 P-15RCCCh-12 P-16RCCCh-12 P-17RCCCh-12 P-18RCCCh-12 P-19RCCCh-12 P-1RQCh-12 P-2RQCh-12 P-3RQCh-12 P-4RQCh-12 P-5RQCh-12 P-6RQCh-12 P-7RQCh-12 P-8RQCh-12 P-9RQCh-12 P-10RQCh-12 P-11RQCh-12 P-12RQCh-12 P-13RQCh-12 P-14RQCh-12 P-15RQCh-12 P-16RQCh-12 P-17RQCh-12 P-18RQCh-12 P-19RQCh-12 P-20RQCh-12 P-21RQCh-12 P-22RQCh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 P-38RECh-12 P-1PCh-12 P-2PCh-12 P-5P

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