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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Find the angle between the vectors. (First find an exact expression and then approximate to the nearest degree.)

17. a = ⟨1, −4, 1⟩, b = ⟨0, 2, −2⟩

To determine

To find: The angle between vectors a and b .

Explanation

Given:

a=1,4,1 , b=0,2,2 .

Formula:

Write the expression to find ab in terms of θ .

ab=|a||b|cosθ

Here,

|a| is the magnitude of a vector,

|b| is the magnitude of b vector, and

θ is the angle between vectors a and b.

Rearrange the equation.

cosθ=ab|a||b|

θ=cos1(ab|a||b|) (1)

A minimum of two vectors are required to perform a dot product. The resultant dot product of two vectors is scalar. So, the dot product is also known as a scalar product.

Consider a general expression to find the dot product between two three-dimensional vectors.

ab=a1,a2,a2b1,b2,b2

ab=a1b1+a2b2+a3b3 (2)

Consider a general expression to find the magnitude of a three-dimensional vector; that is a=a1,a2,a3 .

|a|=a12+a22+a32 (3)

Similarly, consider a general expression to find the magnitude of a three-dimensional vector that is b=b1,b2,b3 .

|b|=b12+b22+b32 (4)

In equation (2), substitute 1 for a1 , –4 for a2 , 1 for a3 , 0 for b1 , 2 for b2 and –2 for b3

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Chapter 12 Solutions

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Sect-12.1 P-11ESect-12.1 P-12ESect-12.1 P-13ESect-12.1 P-14ESect-12.1 P-15ESect-12.1 P-16ESect-12.1 P-17ESect-12.1 P-18ESect-12.1 P-19ESect-12.1 P-20ESect-12.1 P-21ESect-12.1 P-22ESect-12.1 P-23ESect-12.1 P-24ESect-12.1 P-25ESect-12.1 P-26ESect-12.1 P-27ESect-12.1 P-28ESect-12.1 P-29ESect-12.1 P-30ESect-12.1 P-31ESect-12.1 P-32ESect-12.1 P-33ESect-12.1 P-34ESect-12.1 P-35ESect-12.1 P-36ESect-12.1 P-37ESect-12.1 P-38ESect-12.1 P-39ESect-12.1 P-40ESect-12.1 P-41ESect-12.1 P-42ESect-12.1 P-43ESect-12.1 P-44ESect-12.1 P-45ESect-12.1 P-46ESect-12.1 P-47ESect-12.1 P-48ESect-12.2 P-1ESect-12.2 P-2ESect-12.2 P-3ESect-12.2 P-4ESect-12.2 P-5ESect-12.2 P-6ESect-12.2 P-7ESect-12.2 P-8ESect-12.2 P-9ESect-12.2 P-10ESect-12.2 P-11ESect-12.2 P-12ESect-12.2 P-13ESect-12.2 P-14ESect-12.2 P-15ESect-12.2 P-16ESect-12.2 P-17ESect-12.2 P-18ESect-12.2 P-19ESect-12.2 P-20ESect-12.2 P-21ESect-12.2 P-22ESect-12.2 P-23ESect-12.2 P-24ESect-12.2 P-25ESect-12.2 P-26ESect-12.2 P-27ESect-12.2 P-28ESect-12.2 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P-48ESect-12.6 P-49ESect-12.6 P-50ESect-12.6 P-51ESect-12.6 P-52ECh-12 P-1RCCCh-12 P-2RCCCh-12 P-3RCCCh-12 P-4RCCCh-12 P-5RCCCh-12 P-6RCCCh-12 P-7RCCCh-12 P-8RCCCh-12 P-9RCCCh-12 P-10RCCCh-12 P-11RCCCh-12 P-12RCCCh-12 P-13RCCCh-12 P-14RCCCh-12 P-15RCCCh-12 P-16RCCCh-12 P-17RCCCh-12 P-18RCCCh-12 P-19RCCCh-12 P-1RQCh-12 P-2RQCh-12 P-3RQCh-12 P-4RQCh-12 P-5RQCh-12 P-6RQCh-12 P-7RQCh-12 P-8RQCh-12 P-9RQCh-12 P-10RQCh-12 P-11RQCh-12 P-12RQCh-12 P-13RQCh-12 P-14RQCh-12 P-15RQCh-12 P-16RQCh-12 P-17RQCh-12 P-18RQCh-12 P-19RQCh-12 P-20RQCh-12 P-21RQCh-12 P-22RQCh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 P-38RECh-12 P-1PCh-12 P-2PCh-12 P-5P

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