Chapter 12.3, Problem 19E

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8th Edition

James Stewart

ISBN: 9781305266643

Textbook Problem

Find the angle between the vectors. (First find an exact expression and then approximate to the nearest degree.)

**19. a** = 4**i** −3**j** + **k**, **b** = 2**i** − **k**

To determine

**To find:** The angle between vectors

Explanation

**Given:**

**Formula:**

Write the expression to find

Here,

**a** vector,

**b** vector, and

**a** and **b**.

Rearrange the equation.

A minimum of two vectors are required to form a dot product. The resultant dot product of two vectors is scalar. So, the dot product is also known as a scalar product.

Consider vectors **a** and **b** as follows.

Consider a general expression to find the dot product between two three-dimensional vectors.

Consider a general expression to find the magnitude of a three-dimensional vector that is

Similarly, consider a general expression to find the magnitude of a three-dimensional vector that is

Compare equation (1), equation (4) and equation (2), equation (5)

Sect-12.1 P-1ESect-12.1 P-2ESect-12.1 P-3ESect-12.1 P-4ESect-12.1 P-5ESect-12.1 P-6ESect-12.1 P-7ESect-12.1 P-8ESect-12.1 P-9ESect-12.1 P-10E

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P-48ESect-12.6 P-49ESect-12.6 P-50ESect-12.6 P-51ESect-12.6 P-52ECh-12 P-1RCCCh-12 P-2RCCCh-12 P-3RCCCh-12 P-4RCCCh-12 P-5RCCCh-12 P-6RCCCh-12 P-7RCCCh-12 P-8RCCCh-12 P-9RCCCh-12 P-10RCCCh-12 P-11RCCCh-12 P-12RCCCh-12 P-13RCCCh-12 P-14RCCCh-12 P-15RCCCh-12 P-16RCCCh-12 P-17RCCCh-12 P-18RCCCh-12 P-19RCCCh-12 P-1RQCh-12 P-2RQCh-12 P-3RQCh-12 P-4RQCh-12 P-5RQCh-12 P-6RQCh-12 P-7RQCh-12 P-8RQCh-12 P-9RQCh-12 P-10RQCh-12 P-11RQCh-12 P-12RQCh-12 P-13RQCh-12 P-14RQCh-12 P-15RQCh-12 P-16RQCh-12 P-17RQCh-12 P-18RQCh-12 P-19RQCh-12 P-20RQCh-12 P-21RQCh-12 P-22RQCh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 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