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Calculus

10th Edition
Ron Larson + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285057095

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Calculus

10th Edition
Ron Larson + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285057095
Textbook Problem

A shot fired from a gun with a muzzle speed of 1200 feet per second is to hit a target 3000 feet away. Determine the minimum angle of elevation of the gun.

To determine

To calculate: The angle of elevation of the gun whose range is r(t)=3000ft, nozzle velocity v0=1200ft/s and g=32 ft/sec2.

Explanation

Given:

Range of the gun is r(t)=3000ft.

Nozzle velocity of the gun is v0=1200ft/s.

And g=32 ft/sec2.

Formula used:

The path followed by a projectile is described as:

r(t)=(v0cosθ)t i+[(v0sinθ)t+12gt2]j

Calculation:

The range of the shot fired is given by:

r(t)=(v0cosθ)t i+[h+(v0sinθ)t16t2]j

A shot is fired from the gun in a horizontal plane, so the height (h=0), and the range is given as 3000ft.

Thus, substitute the values as follows and obtain:

r(t)=(v0cosθ)t i+[(v0sinθ)t16t2]j3000=(v0cosθ)t i+[(v0sinθ)t16t2]j

This gives:

x=(v0cosθ)t=3000 …… (1)

y=(v0

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P-93ESect-12.5 P-94ESect-12.5 P-95ESect-12.5 P-96ECh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 P-38RECh-12 P-39RECh-12 P-40RECh-12 P-41RECh-12 P-42RECh-12 P-43RECh-12 P-44RECh-12 P-45RECh-12 P-46RECh-12 P-47RECh-12 P-48RECh-12 P-49RECh-12 P-50RECh-12 P-51RECh-12 P-52RECh-12 P-53RECh-12 P-54RECh-12 P-55RECh-12 P-56RECh-12 P-57RECh-12 P-58RECh-12 P-59RECh-12 P-60RECh-12 P-61RECh-12 P-62RECh-12 P-63RECh-12 P-64RECh-12 P-65RECh-12 P-66RECh-12 P-67RECh-12 P-68RECh-12 P-69RECh-12 P-70RECh-12 P-71RECh-12 P-1PSCh-12 P-2PSCh-12 P-3PSCh-12 P-4PSCh-12 P-5PSCh-12 P-6PSCh-12 P-7PSCh-12 P-8PSCh-12 P-9PSCh-12 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