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Calculus

10th Edition
Ron Larson + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285057095

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Calculus

10th Edition
Ron Larson + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285057095
Textbook Problem
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Finding the Principal Unit Normal VectorIn Exercises 15–20, find the principal unit normal vector to the curve at the specified value of the parameter.

r ( t ) = cos 3 t i + 2 sin 3 t j + k , t = π

To determine

To calculate: The unit normal vector to curve, r(t)=cos3ti+2sin3tj+k at the specified value of the parameter, t=π.

Explanation

Given:

The provided curve is: r(t)=cos3ti+2sin3tj+k.

And the specified value of the parameter is: t=π.

Formula used:

Consider that C be a smooth curve represented by r over an open interval I.

Then, the unit tangent vector at t is shown below as:

T(t)=r(t)r(t),  r(t)0

And the unit normal vector at t is:

N(t)=T(t)T(t),  T(t)0

Calculation:

The provided curve is,

r(t)=cos3ti+2sin3tj+k

Now, the derivative of curve r(t) is:

r(t)=(ddtcos3t)i+(ddt2sin3t)j+(ddt1)k=3sin3ti+6cos3tj

Therefore, the unit tangent vector is calculated as:

T(t)=r(t)r(t)=

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P-93ESect-12.5 P-94ESect-12.5 P-95ESect-12.5 P-96ECh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 P-38RECh-12 P-39RECh-12 P-40RECh-12 P-41RECh-12 P-42RECh-12 P-43RECh-12 P-44RECh-12 P-45RECh-12 P-46RECh-12 P-47RECh-12 P-48RECh-12 P-49RECh-12 P-50RECh-12 P-51RECh-12 P-52RECh-12 P-53RECh-12 P-54RECh-12 P-55RECh-12 P-56RECh-12 P-57RECh-12 P-58RECh-12 P-59RECh-12 P-60RECh-12 P-61RECh-12 P-62RECh-12 P-63RECh-12 P-64RECh-12 P-65RECh-12 P-66RECh-12 P-67RECh-12 P-68RECh-12 P-69RECh-12 P-70RECh-12 P-71RECh-12 P-1PSCh-12 P-2PSCh-12 P-3PSCh-12 P-4PSCh-12 P-5PSCh-12 P-6PSCh-12 P-7PSCh-12 P-8PSCh-12 P-9PSCh-12 P-10PSCh-12 P-11PSCh-12 P-12PSCh-12 P-13PSCh-12 P-14PS

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