BuyFindarrow_forward

Mathematical Applications for the ...

11th Edition
Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305108042

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Mathematical Applications for the ...

11th Edition
Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305108042
Textbook Problem

Newton's law of cooling Newton’s law of cooling (and warming) states that the rate of change of temperature u = u ( t ) of an object is proportional to the temperature difference between the object and its surroundings, where T is the constant temperature of the surroundings. That is,

d u d t = k ( u T ) ( k  constant )

Suppose an object at 0°C is placed in a room where the temperature is 20°C . If the temperature of the object is 8°C after 1 hour, how long will it take the object to reach 18°C ?

To determine

To calculate: The time require by the object to reach the temperature of 18° C for which the rate of cooling of the object by Newton’s law of cooling is given as, dudt=k(uT) where T is the temperature of the surroundings.

Explanation

Given information:

The rate of cooling of the object by Newton’s law of cooling is given as, dudt=k(uT) where T is the temperature of the surroundings. The room temperature is 20° C and initial temperature of the object is 0° C.

Formula used:

The Newton’s law of cooling is given as,

dudt=k(uT)

Where T is the temperature of the surroundings u is the initial temperature, t is any instantaneous time.

The logarithmic rule of integrals, 1xdx=ln|x|+C where x0.

The natural logarithm property,

logab=yb=ay.

Calculation:

Consider the rate of cooling of the object, dudt=k(uT).

Rewrite the provided differential equation,

duuT=kdt

Integrate both side of the equation as:

duuT=kdt

Now, use the logarithmic rule of integrals to get,

duuT=kdtln|uT|=kt+CuT=ekt+C

Solve further,

uT=ekteCuT=Aektu=T+Aekt

Now, initial temperature of the object is 0° C and initial temperature of the room is 20° C

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 12 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-12.1 P-9ESect-12.1 P-10ESect-12.1 P-11ESect-12.1 P-12ESect-12.1 P-13ESect-12.1 P-14ESect-12.1 P-15ESect-12.1 P-16ESect-12.1 P-17ESect-12.1 P-18ESect-12.1 P-19ESect-12.1 P-20ESect-12.1 P-21ESect-12.1 P-22ESect-12.1 P-23ESect-12.1 P-24ESect-12.1 P-25ESect-12.1 P-26ESect-12.1 P-27ESect-12.1 P-28ESect-12.1 P-29ESect-12.1 P-30ESect-12.1 P-31ESect-12.1 P-32ESect-12.1 P-33ESect-12.1 P-34ESect-12.1 P-35ESect-12.1 P-36ESect-12.1 P-37ESect-12.1 P-38ESect-12.1 P-39ESect-12.1 P-40ESect-12.1 P-41ESect-12.1 P-42ESect-12.1 P-43ESect-12.1 P-44ESect-12.1 P-45ESect-12.1 P-46ESect-12.1 P-47ESect-12.1 P-48ESect-12.1 P-49ESect-12.1 P-50ESect-12.1 P-51ESect-12.1 P-52ESect-12.1 P-53ESect-12.1 P-54ESect-12.1 P-55ESect-12.1 P-56ESect-12.2 P-1CPSect-12.2 P-2CPSect-12.2 P-3CPSect-12.2 P-4CPSect-12.2 P-1ESect-12.2 P-2ESect-12.2 P-3ESect-12.2 P-4ESect-12.2 P-5ESect-12.2 P-6ESect-12.2 P-7ESect-12.2 P-8ESect-12.2 P-9ESect-12.2 P-10ESect-12.2 P-11ESect-12.2 P-12ESect-12.2 P-13ESect-12.2 P-14ESect-12.2 P-15ESect-12.2 P-16ESect-12.2 P-17ESect-12.2 P-18ESect-12.2 P-19ESect-12.2 P-20ESect-12.2 P-21ESect-12.2 P-22ESect-12.2 P-23ESect-12.2 P-24ESect-12.2 P-25ESect-12.2 P-26ESect-12.2 P-27ESect-12.2 P-28ESect-12.2 P-29ESect-12.2 P-30ESect-12.2 P-31ESect-12.2 P-32ESect-12.2 P-33ESect-12.2 P-34ESect-12.2 P-35ESect-12.2 P-36ESect-12.2 P-37ESect-12.2 P-38ESect-12.2 P-39ESect-12.2 P-40ESect-12.2 P-41ESect-12.2 P-42ESect-12.2 P-43ESect-12.2 P-44ESect-12.2 P-45ESect-12.2 P-46ESect-12.2 P-47ESect-12.2 P-48ESect-12.2 P-49ESect-12.2 P-50ESect-12.2 P-51ESect-12.2 P-52ESect-12.2 P-53ESect-12.2 P-54ESect-12.3 P-1CPSect-12.3 P-2CPSect-12.3 P-3CPSect-12.3 P-1ESect-12.3 P-2ESect-12.3 P-3ESect-12.3 P-4ESect-12.3 P-5ESect-12.3 P-6ESect-12.3 P-7ESect-12.3 P-8ESect-12.3 P-9ESect-12.3 P-10ESect-12.3 P-11ESect-12.3 P-12ESect-12.3 P-13ESect-12.3 P-14ESect-12.3 P-15ESect-12.3 P-16ESect-12.3 P-17ESect-12.3 P-18ESect-12.3 P-19ESect-12.3 P-20ESect-12.3 P-21ESect-12.3 P-22ESect-12.3 P-23ESect-12.3 P-24ESect-12.3 P-25ESect-12.3 P-26ESect-12.3 P-27ESect-12.3 P-28ESect-12.3 P-29ESect-12.3 P-30ESect-12.3 P-31ESect-12.3 P-32ESect-12.3 P-33ESect-12.3 P-34ESect-12.3 P-35ESect-12.3 P-36ESect-12.3 P-37ESect-12.3 P-38ESect-12.3 P-39ESect-12.3 P-40ESect-12.3 P-41ESect-12.3 P-42ESect-12.3 P-43ESect-12.3 P-44ESect-12.3 P-45ESect-12.3 P-46ESect-12.3 P-47ESect-12.3 P-48ESect-12.3 P-49ESect-12.3 P-50ESect-12.3 P-56ESect-12.4 P-1CPSect-12.4 P-2CPSect-12.4 P-3CPSect-12.4 P-4CPSect-12.4 P-1ESect-12.4 P-2ESect-12.4 P-3ESect-12.4 P-4ESect-12.4 P-5ESect-12.4 P-6ESect-12.4 P-7ESect-12.4 P-8ESect-12.4 P-9ESect-12.4 P-10ESect-12.4 P-11ESect-12.4 P-12ESect-12.4 P-13ESect-12.4 P-14ESect-12.4 P-15ESect-12.4 P-16ESect-12.4 P-17ESect-12.4 P-18ESect-12.4 P-19ESect-12.4 P-20ESect-12.4 P-21ESect-12.4 P-23ESect-12.4 P-24ESect-12.4 P-26ESect-12.5 P-1CPSect-12.5 P-2CPSect-12.5 P-3CPSect-12.5 P-1ESect-12.5 P-2ESect-12.5 P-3ESect-12.5 P-4ESect-12.5 P-5ESect-12.5 P-6ESect-12.5 P-7ESect-12.5 P-8ESect-12.5 P-9ESect-12.5 P-10ESect-12.5 P-11ESect-12.5 P-12ESect-12.5 P-13ESect-12.5 P-14ESect-12.5 P-15ESect-12.5 P-16ESect-12.5 P-17ESect-12.5 P-18ESect-12.5 P-19ESect-12.5 P-20ESect-12.5 P-21ESect-12.5 P-22ESect-12.5 P-23ESect-12.5 P-24ESect-12.5 P-25ESect-12.5 P-26ESect-12.5 P-27ESect-12.5 P-28ESect-12.5 P-29ESect-12.5 P-30ESect-12.5 P-31ESect-12.5 P-32ESect-12.5 P-33ESect-12.5 P-34ESect-12.5 P-35ESect-12.5 P-36ESect-12.5 P-37ESect-12.5 P-38ESect-12.5 P-39ESect-12.5 P-40ESect-12.5 P-41ESect-12.5 P-42ESect-12.5 P-43ESect-12.5 P-44ESect-12.5 P-45ESect-12.5 P-46ESect-12.5 P-47ESect-12.5 P-48ESect-12.5 P-49ESect-12.5 P-50ESect-12.5 P-51ESect-12.5 P-52ESect-12.5 P-53ESect-12.5 P-54ESect-12.5 P-55ESect-12.5 P-56ESect-12.5 P-57ESect-12.5 P-58ECh-12 P-1RECh-12 P-2RECh-12 P-3RECh-12 P-4RECh-12 P-5RECh-12 P-6RECh-12 P-7RECh-12 P-8RECh-12 P-9RECh-12 P-10RECh-12 P-11RECh-12 P-12RECh-12 P-13RECh-12 P-14RECh-12 P-15RECh-12 P-16RECh-12 P-17RECh-12 P-18RECh-12 P-19RECh-12 P-20RECh-12 P-21RECh-12 P-22RECh-12 P-23RECh-12 P-24RECh-12 P-25RECh-12 P-26RECh-12 P-27RECh-12 P-28RECh-12 P-29RECh-12 P-30RECh-12 P-31RECh-12 P-32RECh-12 P-33RECh-12 P-34RECh-12 P-35RECh-12 P-36RECh-12 P-37RECh-12 P-38RECh-12 P-39RECh-12 P-40RECh-12 P-41RECh-12 P-42RECh-12 P-43RECh-12 P-44RECh-12 P-45RECh-12 P-46RECh-12 P-47RECh-12 P-48RECh-12 P-49RECh-12 P-1TCh-12 P-2TCh-12 P-3TCh-12 P-4TCh-12 P-5TCh-12 P-6TCh-12 P-7TCh-12 P-8TCh-12 P-9TCh-12 P-10TCh-12 P-11TCh-12 P-12TCh-12 P-13TCh-12 P-14TCh-12 P-15TCh-12 P-16TCh-12 P-17TCh-12 P-18TCh-12 P-19TCh-12 P-20TCh-12 P-21TCh-12 P-22T

Additional Math Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

In Exercises 5762, sketch the straight line defined by the given linear equation by finding the x- and y-interc...

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Find the area of a regular hexagon whose apothem has length 9 in.

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Which curve is simple but not closed?

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

True or False: The Mean Value Theorem for Integrals is a restatement of the Mean Value Theorem (of Chapter 4) b...

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

What is the novelty effect, and how does it affect a studys external validity?

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Find three arithmetic means between 4 and 24.

College Algebra (MindTap Course List)