   Chapter 13, Problem 136AP ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
6 views

# n aluminum can contains a Small amount of water and is boiled with the lid removed.mg src=Images/HTML_99425-13-136AP_image001.jpg alt="" align="top"/>e heat is then turned off and the can is sealed. Over time, the can crumples.mg src=Images/HTML_99425-13-136AP_image002.jpg alt="" align="top"/> Why doesn’t the can explode or crumple when the water is heated to boiling with the lid removed? In your explanation. be sure to include what is happening with the gas molecules insitle the can. Why does the can crumple when the heat is turned off and the can is sealed? Use the kinetic molecular theory to support your answer. At the time the can is sealed and the heat is turned off, the temperature and pressure of the water vapor are 1 00.   ° C and 1 .00 atm. respectively. The original volume of the can is 4 .00  L . Assuming the can is essentially "saturated" with water vapor t as opposed to air) and the volume of the liquidter remaining in the can is negligible, how many moles of water vapor is(are)in the can right when the can is seated? When the can is finished being crushed. it has an internal volume of 1 . 5 0  L . The temperature of the gas is new 35 ° C . and the pressure is again 1 .00 atm (assuming forces due to metal walls are negligible). How many grams of water condensed front the time the can was sealed to completing its crushing process?

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The reason for the crumble and explosion doesn't occur, when water is heated to boiling with the removed lid should be explained and explanation must include the effect on gas molecules inside the can

Concept Introduction:

Ideal gas equation and kinetic gas theory explain the behaviour of ideal gases. The ideal gas equation is; PV = nRT

Kinetic gas theory states that ideal gas is composed of small particles with no molecular force. The particles of gas colloid with each other and gas exert the force on the walls of the container known as gas pressure. When gas particles condense they come close to each other and changes to liquid.

Explanation

When liquid is heated, it changes to vapour state that is gaseous form of water. As we heat the water, the molecules get energy and apart from each other...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The reason for the crumple of can occurs, when the heat is turned off and the can is sealed should be determined by using kinetic molecular theory.

Concept Introduction:

Ideal gas equation and kinetic gas theory explain the behaviour of ideal gases. The ideal gas equation is; PV = nRT

Kinetic gas theory states that ideal gas is composed of small particles with no molecular force. The particles of gas colloid with each other and gas exert the force on the walls of the container known as gas pressure. When gas particles condense they come close to each other and changes to liquid.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The number of moles of water vapor is (are) in the can right when the can is sealed should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Ideal gas equation and kinetic gas theory explain the behaviour of ideal gases. The ideal gas equation is; PV = nRT

Kinetic gas theory states that ideal gas is composed of small particles with no molecular force. The particles of gas colloid with each other and gas exert the force on the walls of the container known as gas pressure. When gas particles condense they come close to each other and changes to liquid.

The ideal gas equation is used to calculate the moles of gas vapour with the help of given pressure, temperature and volume.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The mass of water condensed from the time the can was sealed to completing its crushing process should be calculated.

Concept Introduction:

Ideal gas equation and kinetic gas theory explain the behaviour of ideal gases. The ideal gas equation is; PV = nRT

Kinetic gas theory states that ideal gas is composed of small particles with no molecular force. The particles of gas colloid with each other and gas exert the force on the walls of the container known as gas pressure. When gas particles condense they come close to each other and changes to liquid.

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