Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759


Chapter 13, Problem 13.7P
Textbook Problem

13-7 Can an aromatic compound be a saturated compound?

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction


Whether an aromatic compound can be a saturated compound or not should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Saturated hydrocarbon: Those hydrocarbons which contain only single covalent bond, include alkanes. The amount of hydrogen is high compared to the amount of carbon. They are less reactive and are obtained from fossil animal and plant material.

Unsaturated hydrocarbon: Those hydrocarbons which contain multiple covalent bond, include alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic. The amount of carbon is high compared to the amount of hydrogen. They are more reactive and are obtained from plant material.

Explanation of Solution

The compounds that contain alternate single and double bonds in the chemical structure and are planar that is all the sp2 hybridized atoms are in the same plane, are said to be aromatic in nature. All aromatic compounds follow Huckel's Rule, which is:

(4n+2) = p electrons.

where n is non-negative integer.

For example:

  • Benzene

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Chapter 13 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
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Ch. 13 - 13-11 Explain why the compound 1,4-dichlorobenzene...Ch. 13 - 13-12 One analogy often used to explain the...Ch. 13 - 13-13 Answer true or false. A phenyl group has the...Ch. 13 - Prob. 13.14PCh. 13 - 13-15 Draw structural formulas for these compounds...Ch. 13 - 13-16 We say that naphthalene, anthracene,...Ch. 13 - 13-17 Following is the structural formula of...Ch. 13 - 13-18 Answer true or false. Benzene does not...Ch. 13 - 13-19 Suppose you have unlabeled bottles of...Ch. 13 - 13-20 Three products with the molecular formula...Ch. 13 - 13-21 The reaction of bromine with toluene in the...Ch. 13 - 13-22 What reagents and/or catalysts are necessary...Ch. 13 - 13-23 What reagents and/or catalysts are necessary...Ch. 13 - 13-24 Aromatic substitution can be done on...Ch. 13 - 13-25 Answer true or false. (a) Phenols and...Ch. 13 - 13-26 Both phenol and cyclohexanol are only...Ch. 13 - 13-27 Define autoxidation.Ch. 13 - 13*28 Autoxidation is described as a radical-chain...Ch. 13 - 13-29 Show that if you add Steps 2a and 2b of the...Ch. 13 - 13-30 How does vitamin E function as an...Ch. 13 - 13-31 What structural features are common to...Ch. 13 - 13*32 Black-and-white photography is a commercial...Ch. 13 - 13-33 Following is the structural formula of...Ch. 13 - 13-34 (Chemical Connections 13A) From what parts...Ch. 13 - 13-35 (Chemical Connections 13A) What are the...Ch. 13 - 13-36 (Chemical Connections 13A, Would you expect...Ch. 13 - 13-37 (Chemical Connections 13A) One of the...Ch. 13 - 13-38 (Chemical Connections 13A) What is meant by...Ch. 13 - 13-39 (Chemical Connections 13B) What is a...Ch. 13 - 13-40 (Chemical Connections 130 In the absence of...Ch. 13 - 13-41 (Chemical Connections 13D) Calculate the...Ch. 13 - 13-42 (Chemical Connections 13E) What are the...Ch. 13 - 13-43 (Chemical Connections 13E) Which features of...Ch. 13 - 13-44 (Chemical Connections 13E) What color would...Ch. 13 - 13-45 (Chemical Connections 13El Review the...Ch. 13 - 13-46 (Chemical Connections 13F) From what types...Ch. 13 - 13-47 (Chemical Connections 13F) Identify the...Ch. 13 - 13-48 (Chemical Connections 13F, How many...Ch. 13 - 13-49 (Chemical Connections 13F) In what ways is...Ch. 13 - 13*50 The structure for naphthalene given in...Ch. 13 - 13-51 Draw structural formulas for these...Ch. 13 - 13-52 2,6-Di-/ezY-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT,...Ch. 13 - 13-53 Write the structural formula for the product...Ch. 13 - 13-54 Styrene reacts with bromine to give a...Ch. 13 - 13-55 When toluene is treated with Br, in the...Ch. 13 - 13-56 Four alternatives to the structure of...Ch. 13 - 13-57 Benzene, as we have seen in this chapter, is...

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