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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

How do springs differ from wells, and under what conditions is a well or spring correctly described as artesian?

To determine

The way in which springs differ from wells and the conditions under which a well or spring is correctly described as an artesian.

Explanation

Springs are the natural outflows of groundwater to the surface. They occur where an aquifer meets the ground surface, and thus releases water that bearing strata elsewhere at a higher elevation. The water seeps, or gushes, or pours through one spot or along a lineation or across an area. This results in small streams, irregular wet lands, pools, ponds, and so on.

In certain cases, when the ground water is under great pressure, it flows upward above the local water table through an outlet. These conditions of natural outflow to the surface are known as an artesian spring.

Wells are artificial openings that are drilled or dug down into the subsurface to a point below the water table to extract ground water...

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