Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its fourth year of a 5-year, quality improvement program. The program began in 20X1 as a result of a report by a consulting firm that revealed that quality costs were about 20% of sales. Concerned about the level of quality costs, Luna’s top management began a 5-year plan in 20X1 with the objective of lowering quality costs to 10% of sales by the end of 20X5. Sales and quality costs for each year are as follows: Quality costs by category are expressed as a percentage of sales as follows: The detail of the 20X5 budget for quality costs is also provided. Actual quality costs for 20X4 and 20X5 are as follows: Required: 1. Prepare an interim quality cost performance report for 20X5 that compares actual quality costs with budgeted quality costs. Comment on the firm’s ability to achieve its quality goals for the year. 2. Prepare a single-period quality performance report for 20X5 that compares the actual quality costs of 20X4 with the actual costs of 20X5. How much did profits change because of improved quality? 3. Prepare a graph that shows the trend in total quality costs as a percentage of sales since the inception of the quality improvement program. 4. Prepare a graph that shows the trend for all four quality cost categories for 20X1 through 20X5. How does this graph help management know that the reduction in total quality costs is attributable to quality improvements? 5. Assume that the company is preparing a second 5-year plan to reduce quality costs to 2.5% of sales. Prepare a long-range quality cost performance report that compares the costs for 20X5 with those planned for the end of the second 5-year period. Assume sales of $45 million at the end of 5 years. The final planned relative distribution of quality costs is as follows: proofreading, 50%; other inspection, 13%; quality training, 30%; and quality reporting, 7%. Assume that all prevention costs are fixed and all other costs are variable (with respect to sales).

BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 13, Problem 63C
Textbook Problem

Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its fourth year of a 5-year, quality improvement program. The program began in 20X1 as a result of a report by a consulting firm that revealed that quality costs were about 20% of sales. Concerned about the level of quality costs, Luna’s top management began a 5-year plan in 20X1 with the objective of lowering quality costs to 10% of sales by the end of 20X5. Sales and quality costs for each year are as follows:

Chapter 13, Problem 63C, Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its , example  1

Quality costs by category are expressed as a percentage of sales as follows:

Chapter 13, Problem 63C, Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its , example  2

The detail of the 20X5 budget for quality costs is also provided.

Chapter 13, Problem 63C, Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its , example  3

Actual quality costs for 20X4 and 20X5 are as follows:

Chapter 13, Problem 63C, Luna Company is a printing company and a subsidiary of a large publishing company. Luna is in its , example  4

Required:

  1. 1. Prepare an interim quality cost performance report for 20X5 that compares actual quality costs with budgeted quality costs. Comment on the firm’s ability to achieve its quality goals for the year.
  2. 2. Prepare a single-period quality performance report for 20X5 that compares the actual quality costs of 20X4 with the actual costs of 20X5. How much did profits change because of improved quality?
  3. 3. Prepare a graph that shows the trend in total quality costs as a percentage of sales since the inception of the quality improvement program.
  4. 4. Prepare a graph that shows the trend for all four quality cost categories for 20X1 through 20X5. How does this graph help management know that the reduction in total quality costs is attributable to quality improvements?
  5. 5. Assume that the company is preparing a second 5-year plan to reduce quality costs to 2.5% of sales. Prepare a long-range quality cost performance report that compares the costs for 20X5 with those planned for the end of the second 5-year period. Assume sales of $45 million at the end of 5 years. The final planned relative distribution of quality costs is as follows: proofreading, 50%; other inspection, 13%; quality training, 30%; and quality reporting, 7%. Assume that all prevention costs are fixed and all other costs are variable (with respect to sales).

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Chapter 13 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
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