# Edward Inc. issued bonds with a $500,000 face value, 10% interest rate, and a 4-year term on July 1, 2018 and received$480,000. Interest is payable semiannually. The discount is amortized using the straight-line method. Prepare journal entries for the following transactions. A. July 1, 2018: entry to record issuing the bonds B. Dec. 31, 2018: entry to record payment of interest to bondholders C. Dec. 31, 2018: entry to record amortization of discount

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### Principles of Accounting Volume 1

19th Edition
OpenStax
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781947172685

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### Principles of Accounting Volume 1

19th Edition
OpenStax
Publisher: OpenStax College
ISBN: 9781947172685
Chapter 13, Problem 6PB
Textbook Problem
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## Edward Inc. issued bonds with a $500,000 face value, 10% interest rate, and a 4-year term on July 1, 2018 and received$480,000. Interest is payable semiannually. The discount is amortized using the straight-line method. Prepare journal entries for the following transactions.A. July 1, 2018: entry to record issuing the bondsB. Dec. 31, 2018: entry to record payment of interest to bondholdersC. Dec. 31, 2018: entry to record amortization of discount

To determine

Introduction:

Journal entries record business transactions. These transactions have double effect on accounts such that total of all assets equate with liabilities and equities.

To prepare:

Journal entries for the given transactions.

### Explanation of Solution

Record issuance of bond:

 Date Account Debit ($) Credit ($) July 1, 2018 Cash 480,000 Discount on bond payable 20,000 Bond payable 500,000 (To record issuance of bond.)

Table (1)

• Cash is an asset and it is increased by $480,000. Therefore, cash is debited with$480,000.
• Discount on bond payable is a contra liability account and it is increased by $20,000. Therefore, discount on bond payable is debited with$20,000.
• Bond payable is a liabilty account and it is increased by $500,000. Therefore, bomd payable is credited with$500,000.

Record interest expense:

 Date Account Debit ($) Credit ($) Dec 31, 2018 Interest Expense (\$500,000×5%) 25,000 Cash 25,000 (To record interest expense on bonds payable

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