BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
1 views

m>89. Ammonia and gaseous hydrogen chloride combine to form ammonium chloride.

em>

msp;  NH 3 ( g ) + HCl ( g )   NH 4 Cl ( s )

4 . 2l L of NH 3 ( g ) at   27  ° C and 1 .0 2 mm is combined with 5 . 35 L of HCl ( g ) at   26  ° C and 0. 998 arm, what mass of NH 4 Cl ( s ) will be produced? Which gas is the limiting reactant? Which gas is present in excess?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mass of NH4Cl(s) produced should be calculated. The limiting reactant and gas present in excess should be determined. Concept Introduction:

According to ideal gas equation:

PV=nRT

Here, P is pressure, V is volume, n is number of moles, R is Universal gas constant and T is temperature.

The value of Universal gas constant can be taken as 0.082 L atm K1 mol1.

Mass of gas can be calculated from number of moles and molar mass as follows:

m=n×M

Here, n is number of moles, m is mass and M is molar mass.

Explanation

Given Information:

The volume of NH3(g) is 4.21 L at temperature 27 C and pressure 1.02 atm. The volume of HCl(g) is 5.35 L at 26 C and pressure 0.998 atm.

Calculation:

The balanced chemical reaction is as follows:

NH3(g)+HCl(g)NH4Cl(s)

To calculate the limiting reactant, first calculate the number of moles of NH3 and HCl as follows:

n=PVRT

Convert the given temperature from C to K as follows:

0 C=273.15 K

Thus,

26 C=(26+273.15)K=299.15 K

And,

27 C=(27+273.15)K=300.15 K

Number of moles of NH3 will be:

n=(1.02 atm)(4.21 L)(0.082 L atm mol1 K1)(300

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 13 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-13.6 P-13.10SCSect-13.8 P-1CTSect-13.10 P-13.11SCSect-13.10 P-1CTSect-13.10 P-13.12SCCh-13 P-1ALQCh-13 P-2ALQCh-13 P-3ALQCh-13 P-4ALQCh-13 P-5ALQCh-13 P-6ALQCh-13 P-7ALQCh-13 P-8ALQCh-13 P-9ALQCh-13 P-10ALQCh-13 P-11ALQCh-13 P-12ALQCh-13 P-13ALQCh-13 P-14ALQCh-13 P-15ALQCh-13 P-16ALQCh-13 P-17ALQCh-13 P-18ALQCh-13 P-19ALQCh-13 P-20ALQCh-13 P-21ALQCh-13 P-22ALQCh-13 P-23ALQCh-13 P-1QAPCh-13 P-2QAPCh-13 P-3QAPCh-13 P-4QAPCh-13 P-5QAPCh-13 P-6QAPCh-13 P-7QAPCh-13 P-8QAPCh-13 P-9QAPCh-13 P-10QAPCh-13 P-11QAPCh-13 P-12QAPCh-13 P-13QAPCh-13 P-14QAPCh-13 P-15QAPCh-13 P-16QAPCh-13 P-17QAPCh-13 P-18QAPCh-13 P-19QAPCh-13 P-20QAPCh-13 P-21QAPCh-13 P-22QAPCh-13 P-23QAPCh-13 P-24QAPCh-13 P-25QAPCh-13 P-26QAPCh-13 P-27QAPCh-13 P-28QAPCh-13 P-29QAPCh-13 P-30QAPCh-13 P-31QAPCh-13 P-32QAPCh-13 P-33QAPCh-13 P-34QAPCh-13 P-35QAPCh-13 P-36QAPCh-13 P-37QAPCh-13 P-38QAPCh-13 P-39QAPCh-13 P-40QAPCh-13 P-41QAPCh-13 P-42QAPCh-13 P-43QAPCh-13 P-44QAPCh-13 P-45QAPCh-13 P-46QAPCh-13 P-47QAPCh-13 P-48QAPCh-13 P-49QAPCh-13 P-50QAPCh-13 P-51QAPCh-13 P-52QAPCh-13 P-53QAPCh-13 P-54QAPCh-13 P-55QAPCh-13 P-56QAPCh-13 P-57QAPCh-13 P-58QAPCh-13 P-59QAPCh-13 P-60QAPCh-13 P-61QAPCh-13 P-62QAPCh-13 P-63QAPCh-13 P-64QAPCh-13 P-65QAPCh-13 P-66QAPCh-13 P-67QAPCh-13 P-68QAPCh-13 P-69QAPCh-13 P-70QAPCh-13 P-71QAPCh-13 P-72QAPCh-13 P-73QAPCh-13 P-74QAPCh-13 P-75QAPCh-13 P-76QAPCh-13 P-77QAPCh-13 P-78QAPCh-13 P-79QAPCh-13 P-80QAPCh-13 P-81QAPCh-13 P-82QAPCh-13 P-83QAPCh-13 P-84QAPCh-13 P-85QAPCh-13 P-86QAPCh-13 P-87QAPCh-13 P-88QAPCh-13 P-89QAPCh-13 P-90QAPCh-13 P-91QAPCh-13 P-92QAPCh-13 P-93QAPCh-13 P-94QAPCh-13 P-95QAPCh-13 P-96QAPCh-13 P-97QAPCh-13 P-98QAPCh-13 P-99QAPCh-13 P-100QAPCh-13 P-101QAPCh-13 P-102QAPCh-13 P-103APCh-13 P-104APCh-13 P-105APCh-13 P-106APCh-13 P-107APCh-13 P-108APCh-13 P-109APCh-13 P-110APCh-13 P-111APCh-13 P-112APCh-13 P-113APCh-13 P-114APCh-13 P-115APCh-13 P-116APCh-13 P-117APCh-13 P-118APCh-13 P-119APCh-13 P-120APCh-13 P-121APCh-13 P-122APCh-13 P-123APCh-13 P-124APCh-13 P-125APCh-13 P-126APCh-13 P-127APCh-13 P-128APCh-13 P-129APCh-13 P-130APCh-13 P-131APCh-13 P-132APCh-13 P-133APCh-13 P-134APCh-13 P-135APCh-13 P-136APCh-13 P-137APCh-13 P-138APCh-13 P-139APCh-13 P-140APCh-13 P-141APCh-13 P-142APCh-13 P-143APCh-13 P-144APCh-13 P-145APCh-13 P-146APCh-13 P-147APCh-13 P-148APCh-13 P-149APCh-13 P-150CPCh-13 P-151CPCh-13 P-152CPCh-13 P-153CPCh-13 P-154CPCh-13 P-155CPCh-13 P-156CPCh-13 P-157CP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Which of the following is fare) rich source(s) of vitamin E7 raw vegetable oil colorful foods, such as carrots ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Why would you not plot sound waves in the electromagnetic spectrum?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Match the term listed in Column A with its definition from Column B

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (MindTap Course List)

How long would it take a 1 000 W heater to melt 1.00 kg of ice at 20.0C, assuming all the energy from the heate...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)