In sweet pea plants, an allele for purple flowers. (P) is dominanl when paired with a recessive allele for red flowers (p). An allele for Jang pollen grains (L) is dominant when paired with a recessive allele for round pollen grains (L). Bateson and Punnett crossed a plant having purple flowers and long pollen grains with one having white flowers and round pollen grains. All F1 offspring have purple flowers and long pollen grains. Among the F2 generation, the researchers observed the following phenotypes:
296 purple flowers/long pollen grains
19 purple /lower/ round pollen grains
27 red flowers/long pollen grains
85 red flowers/round pollen grains
What is the best explanation for these results?
To explain: The results obtained from an experiment where purple long pollen grains were crossed with red round pollen grains.
Concept introduction: Independent assortment of alleles is one of the laws proposed by Gregor Johann Mendel, a geneticist. Mendel proposed the law of independent assortment based on the results of dihybrid cross. Independent assortment is with regard to the genes of the loci. Locus refers to the location of the gene in the chromosome. In the homologous chromosome, two genes are present in two different locus. These two genes separate and enter two different gametes independent of the other. This process is called as law of independent assortment. During meiosis, the two copies of the same gene in the locus separate and enter gametes, so that the offspring acquires one copy of gene from each parent.
Dihybrid cross is where two dominant alleles are crossed with two recessive alleles that is cross between two observable traits in the same organism. The two observable traits can be from the same or different organism.
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