Chapter 13.1, Problem 39E

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11th Edition

Ronald J. Harshbarger + 1 other

ISBN: 9781305108042

Textbook Problem

** Emissions** With U.S. Department of Energy data for selected years from 2000 and projected to 2030, sulphur dioxide emissions from electricity generation (in millions of short tons per year) can be modeled by

*x* is the number of years past 2000. Use *n* = 10 equal subdivisions and right-hand endpoints to approximate (to the nearest unit) the area under the graph of *E(x)* between *x =* 15 and *x =* 25. What does this area represent?

To determine

**To calculate:** The area under the graph of

Explanation

**Given Information:**

The provided function is

**Formula used:**

The base of the rectangles to approximate the area is *n* subintervals.

The height of the rectangles is the value of the function calculated at the right-hand end point of the interval containing the base.

The area of a rectangle is

The approximated area under the curve is sum of the areas of each rectangle.

**Calculation:**

Consider the function,

The range of *x*-axis is from

Divide the interval

The base of the rectangles to approximate the area is *n* subintervals.

Since, the function is defined from

Thus,

Recall that the height of the rectangles is the value of the function calculated at the right-hand end point of the interval containing the base.

Record these values in a table,

Rectangle | Base | Right endpoint | Height | |

Sect-13.1 P-1CPSect-13.1 P-2CPSect-13.1 P-1ESect-13.1 P-2ESect-13.1 P-3ESect-13.1 P-4ESect-13.1 P-5ESect-13.1 P-6ESect-13.1 P-7ESect-13.1 P-8E

Sect-13.1 P-9ESect-13.1 P-10ESect-13.1 P-11ESect-13.1 P-12ESect-13.1 P-13ESect-13.1 P-14ESect-13.1 P-15ESect-13.1 P-16ESect-13.1 P-17ESect-13.1 P-18ESect-13.1 P-19ESect-13.1 P-20ESect-13.1 P-21ESect-13.1 P-22ESect-13.1 P-23ESect-13.1 P-24ESect-13.1 P-25ESect-13.1 P-26ESect-13.1 P-27ESect-13.1 P-28ESect-13.1 P-29ESect-13.1 P-30ESect-13.1 P-31ESect-13.1 P-32ESect-13.1 P-33ESect-13.1 P-34ESect-13.1 P-35ESect-13.1 P-36ESect-13.1 P-37ESect-13.1 P-38ESect-13.1 P-39ESect-13.1 P-40ESect-13.2 P-1CPSect-13.2 P-2CPSect-13.2 P-1ESect-13.2 P-2ESect-13.2 P-3ESect-13.2 P-4ESect-13.2 P-5ESect-13.2 P-6ESect-13.2 P-9ESect-13.2 P-10ESect-13.2 P-11ESect-13.2 P-12ESect-13.2 P-7ESect-13.2 P-8ESect-13.2 P-23ESect-13.2 P-24ESect-13.2 P-13ESect-13.2 P-14ESect-13.2 P-15ESect-13.2 P-16ESect-13.2 P-17ESect-13.2 P-18ESect-13.2 P-19ESect-13.2 P-20ESect-13.2 P-21ESect-13.2 P-22ESect-13.2 P-25ESect-13.2 P-26ESect-13.2 P-27ESect-13.2 P-28ESect-13.2 P-29ESect-13.2 P-30ESect-13.2 P-31ESect-13.2 P-32ESect-13.2 P-33ESect-13.2 P-34ESect-13.2 P-35ESect-13.2 P-36ESect-13.2 P-37ESect-13.2 P-38ESect-13.2 P-39ESect-13.2 P-40ESect-13.2 P-41ESect-13.2 P-42ESect-13.2 P-43ESect-13.2 P-44ESect-13.2 P-45ESect-13.2 P-46ESect-13.2 P-47ESect-13.2 P-48ESect-13.2 P-49ESect-13.2 P-50ESect-13.2 P-51ESect-13.2 P-52ESect-13.2 P-53ESect-13.2 P-54ESect-13.2 P-55ESect-13.2 P-56ESect-13.2 P-57ESect-13.2 P-58ESect-13.2 P-59ESect-13.2 P-60ESect-13.2 P-61ESect-13.2 P-62ESect-13.2 P-63ESect-13.2 P-64ESect-13.2 P-65ESect-13.2 P-66ESect-13.2 P-67ESect-13.2 P-68ESect-13.3 P-1CPSect-13.3 P-2CPSect-13.3 P-3CPSect-13.3 P-1ESect-13.3 P-2ESect-13.3 P-3ESect-13.3 P-4ESect-13.3 P-5ESect-13.3 P-6ESect-13.3 P-7ESect-13.3 P-8ESect-13.3 P-9ESect-13.3 P-10ESect-13.3 P-11ESect-13.3 P-12ESect-13.3 P-13ESect-13.3 P-14ESect-13.3 P-15ESect-13.3 P-16ESect-13.3 P-17ESect-13.3 P-18ESect-13.3 P-19ESect-13.3 P-20ESect-13.3 P-21ESect-13.3 P-22ESect-13.3 P-23ESect-13.3 P-24ESect-13.3 P-25ESect-13.3 P-26ESect-13.3 P-27ESect-13.3 P-28ESect-13.3 P-29ESect-13.3 P-30ESect-13.3 P-31ESect-13.3 P-32ESect-13.3 P-33ESect-13.3 P-34ESect-13.3 P-35ESect-13.3 P-36ESect-13.3 P-37ESect-13.3 P-38ESect-13.3 P-39ESect-13.3 P-40ESect-13.3 P-41ESect-13.3 P-42ESect-13.3 P-43ESect-13.3 P-44ESect-13.3 P-45ESect-13.3 P-46ESect-13.3 P-47ESect-13.3 P-48ESect-13.3 P-49ESect-13.3 P-50ESect-13.4 P-1CPSect-13.4 P-2CPSect-13.4 P-3CPSect-13.4 P-1ESect-13.4 P-2ESect-13.4 P-3ESect-13.4 P-4ESect-13.4 P-5ESect-13.4 P-6ESect-13.4 P-7ESect-13.4 P-8ESect-13.4 P-9ESect-13.4 P-10ESect-13.4 P-11ESect-13.4 P-12ESect-13.4 P-13ESect-13.4 P-14ESect-13.4 P-15ESect-13.4 P-16ESect-13.4 P-17ESect-13.4 P-18ESect-13.4 P-19ESect-13.4 P-20ESect-13.4 P-21ESect-13.4 P-22ESect-13.4 P-23ESect-13.4 P-24ESect-13.4 P-25ESect-13.4 P-26ESect-13.4 P-27ESect-13.4 P-28ESect-13.4 P-29ESect-13.4 P-30ESect-13.4 P-31ESect-13.4 P-32ESect-13.4 P-33ESect-13.4 P-34ESect-13.4 P-35ESect-13.4 P-36ESect-13.5 P-1CPSect-13.5 P-2CPSect-13.5 P-3CPSect-13.5 P-4CPSect-13.5 P-5CPSect-13.5 P-6CPSect-13.5 P-1ESect-13.5 P-2ESect-13.5 P-3ESect-13.5 P-4ESect-13.5 P-5ESect-13.5 P-6ESect-13.5 P-7ESect-13.5 P-8ESect-13.5 P-9ESect-13.5 P-10ESect-13.5 P-11ESect-13.5 P-12ESect-13.5 P-13ESect-13.5 P-14ESect-13.5 P-15ESect-13.5 P-16ESect-13.5 P-17ESect-13.5 P-18ESect-13.5 P-19ESect-13.5 P-20ESect-13.5 P-21ESect-13.5 P-22ESect-13.5 P-23ESect-13.5 P-24ESect-13.5 P-25ESect-13.5 P-26ESect-13.5 P-27ESect-13.5 P-28ESect-13.5 P-29ESect-13.5 P-30ESect-13.5 P-31ESect-13.5 P-32ESect-13.5 P-33ESect-13.5 P-34ESect-13.5 P-35ESect-13.5 P-36ESect-13.5 P-37ESect-13.5 P-38ESect-13.5 P-39ESect-13.5 P-40ESect-13.5 P-41ESect-13.5 P-42ESect-13.6 P-1CPSect-13.6 P-2CPSect-13.6 P-1ESect-13.6 P-2ESect-13.6 P-3ESect-13.6 P-4ESect-13.6 P-5ESect-13.6 P-6ESect-13.6 P-7ESect-13.6 P-8ESect-13.6 P-9ESect-13.6 P-10ESect-13.6 P-11ESect-13.6 P-12ESect-13.6 P-13ESect-13.6 P-14ESect-13.6 P-15ESect-13.6 P-16ESect-13.6 P-17ESect-13.6 P-18ESect-13.6 P-19ESect-13.6 P-20ESect-13.6 P-21ESect-13.6 P-22ESect-13.6 P-23ESect-13.6 P-24ESect-13.6 P-25ESect-13.6 P-26ESect-13.6 P-27ESect-13.6 P-28ESect-13.6 P-29ESect-13.6 P-30ESect-13.6 P-31ESect-13.6 P-32ESect-13.6 P-33ESect-13.6 P-34ESect-13.6 P-35ESect-13.6 P-36ESect-13.6 P-37ESect-13.6 P-38ESect-13.7 P-1CPSect-13.7 P-2CPSect-13.7 P-1ESect-13.7 P-2ESect-13.7 P-3ESect-13.7 P-4ESect-13.7 P-5ESect-13.7 P-6ESect-13.7 P-7ESect-13.7 P-8ESect-13.7 P-9ESect-13.7 P-10ESect-13.7 P-11ESect-13.7 P-12ESect-13.7 P-13ESect-13.7 P-14ESect-13.7 P-15ESect-13.7 P-16ESect-13.7 P-17ESect-13.7 P-18ESect-13.7 P-19ESect-13.7 P-20ESect-13.7 P-21ESect-13.7 P-22ESect-13.7 P-23ESect-13.7 P-24ESect-13.7 P-25ESect-13.7 P-26ESect-13.7 P-27ESect-13.7 P-28ESect-13.7 P-29ESect-13.7 P-30ESect-13.7 P-31ESect-13.7 P-32ESect-13.7 P-33ESect-13.7 P-34ESect-13.7 P-35ESect-13.7 P-36ESect-13.7 P-37ESect-13.7 P-38ESect-13.7 P-39ESect-13.7 P-40ESect-13.7 P-41ESect-13.7 P-42ESect-13.7 P-43ESect-13.7 P-44ESect-13.7 P-45ESect-13.7 P-47ESect-13.8 P-1CPSect-13.8 P-2CPSect-13.8 P-3CPSect-13.8 P-1ESect-13.8 P-2ESect-13.8 P-3ESect-13.8 P-4ESect-13.8 P-5ESect-13.8 P-6ESect-13.8 P-7ESect-13.8 P-8ESect-13.8 P-9ESect-13.8 P-10ESect-13.8 P-11ESect-13.8 P-12ESect-13.8 P-13ESect-13.8 P-14ESect-13.8 P-15ESect-13.8 P-16ESect-13.8 P-17ESect-13.8 P-18ESect-13.8 P-19ESect-13.8 P-20ESect-13.8 P-21ESect-13.8 P-22ESect-13.8 P-23ESect-13.8 P-24ESect-13.8 P-25ESect-13.8 P-26ESect-13.8 P-27ESect-13.8 P-28ESect-13.8 P-29ESect-13.8 P-30ESect-13.8 P-31ESect-13.8 P-32ESect-13.8 P-33ESect-13.8 P-34ECh-13 P-1RECh-13 P-2RECh-13 P-3RECh-13 P-4RECh-13 P-5RECh-13 P-6RECh-13 P-7RECh-13 P-8RECh-13 P-9RECh-13 P-10RECh-13 P-11RECh-13 P-12RECh-13 P-13RECh-13 P-14RECh-13 P-15RECh-13 P-16RECh-13 P-17RECh-13 P-18RECh-13 P-19RECh-13 P-20RECh-13 P-21RECh-13 P-22RECh-13 P-23RECh-13 P-24RECh-13 P-25RECh-13 P-26RECh-13 P-27RECh-13 P-28RECh-13 P-29RECh-13 P-30RECh-13 P-31RECh-13 P-32RECh-13 P-33RECh-13 P-34RECh-13 P-35RECh-13 P-36RECh-13 P-37RECh-13 P-38RECh-13 P-39RECh-13 P-40RECh-13 P-41RECh-13 P-42RECh-13 P-43RECh-13 P-44RECh-13 P-45RECh-13 P-46RECh-13 P-47RECh-13 P-48RECh-13 P-49RECh-13 P-50RECh-13 P-51RECh-13 P-53RECh-13 P-54RECh-13 P-55RECh-13 P-1TCh-13 P-2TCh-13 P-3TCh-13 P-4TCh-13 P-5TCh-13 P-6TCh-13 P-7TCh-13 P-8TCh-13 P-9TCh-13 P-10TCh-13 P-11TCh-13 P-12TCh-13 P-13TCh-13 P-14TCh-13 P-15TCh-13 P-16T

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