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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Find the curvature of r(t) = ⟨t, t2, t3⟩ at the point (1, 1, 1).

To determine

To find: The curvature of r(t)=t,t2,t3 at point (1,1,1) .

Explanation

Given data:

The vector function r(t)=t,t2,t3 and point (1,1,1) .

Formula used:

Consider the three three-dimensional vectors such as a=a1,a2,a3 and b=b1,b2,b3 .

Cross product of vectors:

Write the expression for cross product of vectors a and b (a×b) .

a×b=|ijka1a2a3b1b2b3|

a×b=(a2b3b2a3)i(a1b3b1a3)j+(a1b2b1a2)k (1)

Write the expression for curvature of vector function r(t) .

k(t)=|r(t)×r(t)||r(t)|3 (2)

Here,

r(t) is first derivative of vector function r(t) , and

r(t) is second derivative of vector function r(t) .

Write the expression for magnitude of vector a (|a|) .

|a|=a12+a22+a32 (3)

Here,

a1 , a2 and a3 are the x, y, and z-coordinates of vector respectively.

The point on vector function r(t)=t,t2,t3 is (t,t2,t3) . The curvature is located at point (1,1,1) .

Hence equate the components of points (t,t2,t3) and (1,1,1) .

t=1

t2=1t=1t=±1

t3=1t=(1)13t=1

Therefore, the value of t is 1 from conclusions.

Write the vector function.

r(t)=t,t2,t3

Apply differentiation with respect to t on both sides of equation.

r(t)=ddtt,t2,t3=ddt(t),ddt(t2),ddt(t3) {ddx(x)=1,ddx(xn)=nxn1}

r(t)=1,2t,3t2 (4)

Substitute 1 for t,

r(1)=1,2(1),3(1)2=1,2,3

Find the value of |r(1)| by using equation (3)

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Chapter 13 Solutions

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Sect-13.1 P-11ESect-13.1 P-12ESect-13.1 P-13ESect-13.1 P-14ESect-13.1 P-15ESect-13.1 P-16ESect-13.1 P-17ESect-13.1 P-18ESect-13.1 P-19ESect-13.1 P-20ESect-13.1 P-21ESect-13.1 P-22ESect-13.1 P-23ESect-13.1 P-24ESect-13.1 P-25ESect-13.1 P-26ESect-13.1 P-27ESect-13.1 P-28ESect-13.1 P-29ESect-13.1 P-30ESect-13.1 P-31ESect-13.1 P-32ESect-13.1 P-38ESect-13.1 P-39ESect-13.1 P-40ESect-13.1 P-41ESect-13.1 P-42ESect-13.1 P-43ESect-13.1 P-44ESect-13.1 P-45ESect-13.1 P-46ESect-13.1 P-49ESect-13.1 P-50ESect-13.1 P-53ESect-13.2 P-1ESect-13.2 P-2ESect-13.2 P-3ESect-13.2 P-4ESect-13.2 P-5ESect-13.2 P-6ESect-13.2 P-7ESect-13.2 P-8ESect-13.2 P-9ESect-13.2 P-10ESect-13.2 P-11ESect-13.2 P-12ESect-13.2 P-13ESect-13.2 P-14ESect-13.2 P-15ESect-13.2 P-16ESect-13.2 P-17ESect-13.2 P-18ESect-13.2 P-19ESect-13.2 P-20ESect-13.2 P-21ESect-13.2 P-22ESect-13.2 P-23ESect-13.2 P-24ESect-13.2 P-25ESect-13.2 P-26ESect-13.2 P-27ESect-13.2 P-28ESect-13.2 P-29ESect-13.2 P-30ESect-13.2 P-31ESect-13.2 P-32ESect-13.2 P-33ESect-13.2 P-34ESect-13.2 P-35ESect-13.2 P-36ESect-13.2 P-37ESect-13.2 P-38ESect-13.2 P-39ESect-13.2 P-40ESect-13.2 P-41ESect-13.2 P-42ESect-13.2 P-43ESect-13.2 P-44ESect-13.2 P-45ESect-13.2 P-46ESect-13.2 P-47ESect-13.2 P-48ESect-13.2 P-49ESect-13.2 P-50ESect-13.2 P-51ESect-13.2 P-52ESect-13.2 P-53ESect-13.2 P-54ESect-13.2 P-55ESect-13.2 P-56ESect-13.2 P-57ESect-13.2 P-58ESect-13.3 P-1ESect-13.3 P-2ESect-13.3 P-3ESect-13.3 P-4ESect-13.3 P-5ESect-13.3 P-6ESect-13.3 P-7ESect-13.3 P-8ESect-13.3 P-9ESect-13.3 P-10ESect-13.3 P-11ESect-13.3 P-12ESect-13.3 P-13ESect-13.3 P-14ESect-13.3 P-15ESect-13.3 P-16ESect-13.3 P-17ESect-13.3 P-18ESect-13.3 P-19ESect-13.3 P-20ESect-13.3 P-21ESect-13.3 P-22ESect-13.3 P-23ESect-13.3 P-24ESect-13.3 P-25ESect-13.3 P-26ESect-13.3 P-27ESect-13.3 P-28ESect-13.3 P-29ESect-13.3 P-30ESect-13.3 P-31ESect-13.3 P-32ESect-13.3 P-33ESect-13.3 P-38ESect-13.3 P-39ESect-13.3 P-42ESect-13.3 P-43ESect-13.3 P-44ESect-13.3 P-45ESect-13.3 P-46ESect-13.3 P-47ESect-13.3 P-48ESect-13.3 P-49ESect-13.3 P-50ESect-13.3 P-53ESect-13.3 P-55ESect-13.3 P-56ESect-13.3 P-58ESect-13.3 P-59ESect-13.3 P-60ESect-13.3 P-62ESect-13.3 P-63ESect-13.3 P-64ESect-13.3 P-65ESect-13.3 P-66ESect-13.3 P-67ESect-13.4 P-1ESect-13.4 P-3ESect-13.4 P-4ESect-13.4 P-5ESect-13.4 P-6ESect-13.4 P-7ESect-13.4 P-8ESect-13.4 P-9ESect-13.4 P-10ESect-13.4 P-11ESect-13.4 P-12ESect-13.4 P-13ESect-13.4 P-14ESect-13.4 P-15ESect-13.4 P-16ESect-13.4 P-19ESect-13.4 P-20ESect-13.4 P-21ESect-13.4 P-22ESect-13.4 P-23ESect-13.4 P-24ESect-13.4 P-25ESect-13.4 P-26ESect-13.4 P-27ESect-13.4 P-28ESect-13.4 P-29ESect-13.4 P-30ESect-13.4 P-31ESect-13.4 P-32ESect-13.4 P-34ESect-13.4 P-35ESect-13.4 P-36ESect-13.4 P-37ESect-13.4 P-38ESect-13.4 P-39ESect-13.4 P-40ESect-13.4 P-41ESect-13.4 P-42ESect-13.4 P-44ESect-13.4 P-45ESect-13.4 P-46ECh-13 P-1RCCCh-13 P-2RCCCh-13 P-3RCCCh-13 P-4RCCCh-13 P-5RCCCh-13 P-6RCCCh-13 P-7RCCCh-13 P-8RCCCh-13 P-9RCCCh-13 P-1RQCh-13 P-2RQCh-13 P-3RQCh-13 P-4RQCh-13 P-5RQCh-13 P-6RQCh-13 P-7RQCh-13 P-8RQCh-13 P-9RQCh-13 P-10RQCh-13 P-11RQCh-13 P-12RQCh-13 P-13RQCh-13 P-14RQCh-13 P-1RECh-13 P-2RECh-13 P-3RECh-13 P-4RECh-13 P-5RECh-13 P-6RECh-13 P-7RECh-13 P-8RECh-13 P-9RECh-13 P-10RECh-13 P-11RECh-13 P-12RECh-13 P-13RECh-13 P-14RECh-13 P-15RECh-13 P-16RECh-13 P-17RECh-13 P-18RECh-13 P-19RECh-13 P-20RECh-13 P-21RECh-13 P-22RECh-13 P-23RECh-13 P-1PCh-13 P-2PCh-13 P-3PCh-13 P-4PCh-13 P-5PCh-13 P-6PCh-13 P-7PCh-13 P-8PCh-13 P-9P

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