BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 13.3, Problem 4Q
Textbook Problem
1 views

After opening a 1.0 L soda, what mass of the dissolved CO2 is released to the atmosphere in order to reach equilibrium? Assume that the CO2 dissolved in the soda in the sealed bottle was in equilibrium with the CO2 in the headspace at 4.0 bar pressure.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be determined that what mass of dissolved CO2 which is released to the atmosphere in order to reach equilibrium.

Concept introduction:

  • Henry’s law: The solubility of a gas in liquid is directly proportional to the gas pressure.

    Sg= kHPg,where,Sgisthegassolubility(inmol/kg)kHis Henry's constant Pg is the partial pressure of the gaseous solute.

  • Density=MassVolume

Explanation of Solution

Given,partialpressureofCO2=4barHenry'sconstant=0.034mol/kg.barAccordingtoHenry'slaw, Sg=kHPgsolubilityofCO2beforeopening=0.034mol/kg.bar×4bar =0.136mol/kg

Assume that, the density of the solution is 1.0g/cm3. Therefore 1.0L corresponds to 1kg. The amount of CO2 dissolved is 0.136mol.

Solubility of CO2after opening can be calculated as follows:

partialpressureofCO2=3.7×10-4barHenry'sconstant=0.034mol/kg.bar

According to Henry’s law:

Sg =kHPg

Substituting the given values in the above equation, the solubility can be calculated.

Sg=0

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 13 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 13.3 - After opening a 1.0 L soda, what mass of the...Ch. 13.4 - Assume you dissolve 10.0 g of sucrose (C12H22O11)...Ch. 13.4 - What quantity of ethylene glycol, HOCH2CH2OH, must...Ch. 13.4 - In the northern United States, summer cottages are...Ch. 13.4 - Bradykinin is a small peptide (9 amino acids; 1060...Ch. 13.4 - An aluminum-containing compound has the empirical...Ch. 13.4 - A 1.40-g sample of polyethylene, a common plastic,...Ch. 13.4 - Calculate the freezing point of 525 g of water...Ch. 13.4 - 1. Vapor pressure: Arrange the following aqueous...Ch. 13.4 - 2. One gram (1.00 g) of each of the listed...Ch. 13.4 - Samples of each of the substances listed below are...Ch. 13.4 - Motor mass: Erythritol is a compound that occurs...Ch. 13.5 - 1. Figure 13.17 illustrates a gold colloid Assume...Ch. 13.5 - The blue line on the diagram illustrates the...Ch. 13.5 - How many theoretical plates are required to...Ch. 13.5 - What is the mass percent of hexane in a mixture...Ch. 13.5 - The vapor pressure of pure heptane is 361.5 mm Hg...Ch. 13 - You dissolve 2.56 g of succinic acid, C2H4(CO2H)2,...Ch. 13 - You dissolve 45.0 g of camphor, C10H16O, in 425 mL...Ch. 13 - Fill in the blanks in the table. Aqueous solutions...Ch. 13 - Fill in the blanks in the table. Aqueous solutions...Ch. 13 - What mass of Na2CO3 must you add to 125 g of water...Ch. 13 - What mass of NaNO3 must be added to 500. g of...Ch. 13 - You wish to prepare an aqueous solution of...Ch. 13 - You want to prepare an aqueous solution of...Ch. 13 - Hydrochloric acid is sold as a concentrated...Ch. 13 - Concentrated sulfuric acid has a density of 1.84...Ch. 13 - The average lithium ion concentration in seawater...Ch. 13 - Silver ion has an average concentration of 28 ppb...Ch. 13 - Which pairs of liquids will be miscible? (a) H2O...Ch. 13 - Acetone, CH3COCH3, is quite soluble in water....Ch. 13 - Use the data of Table 13.1 to calculate the...Ch. 13 - Use the following data to calculate the enthalpy...Ch. 13 - You make a saturated solution of NaCl at 25 C. No...Ch. 13 - Some lithium chloride, LiCl, is dissolved in 100...Ch. 13 - The partial pressure of O2 in your lungs varies...Ch. 13 - The Henrys law constant for O2 in water at 25 is...Ch. 13 - An unopened soda can has an aqueous CO2...Ch. 13 - Hydrogen gas has a Henrys law constant of 7.8 104...Ch. 13 - A sealed flask contains water and oxygen gas at 25...Ch. 13 - Butane, C4H10, has been suggested as the...Ch. 13 - A 35.0-g sample of ethylene glycol, HOCH2CH2OH, is...Ch. 13 - Urea, (NH2)2CO, which is widely used in...Ch. 13 - Pure ethylene glycol, HOCH2CH2OH, is added 2.00 kg...Ch. 13 - Pure iodine (105 g) is dissolved in 325 g of CCl4...Ch. 13 - What is the boiling point of a solution containing...Ch. 13 - What is the boiling point of a solution composed...Ch. 13 - What is the boiling point of a solution composed...Ch. 13 - A solution of glycerol, C3H5(OH)3, in 735 g of...Ch. 13 - A mixture of ethanol C2H5OH, and water has a...Ch. 13 - Some ethylene glycol, HOCH2CH2OH, is added to your...Ch. 13 - You dissolve 15.0 g of sucrose, C12H22O11, in a...Ch. 13 - A typical bottle of wine consists of an 11%...Ch. 13 - An aqueous solution contains 3.00% phenylalanine...Ch. 13 - Estimate the osmotic pressure of human blood at 37...Ch. 13 - An aqueous solution containing 1.00 g of bovine...Ch. 13 - Calculate the osmotic pressure of a 0.0120 M...Ch. 13 - You add 0.255 g of an orange, crystalline compound...Ch. 13 - Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is used in...Ch. 13 - Benzyl acetate is one of the active components of...Ch. 13 - Anthracene, a hydrocarbon obtained from coal, has...Ch. 13 - An aqueous solution contains 0.180 g of an...Ch. 13 - Aluminon, an organic compound, is used as a...Ch. 13 - If 52.5 g of LiF is dissolved in 306 g of water,...Ch. 13 - To make homemade ice cream, you cool the milk and...Ch. 13 - List the following aqueous solutions in order of...Ch. 13 - Arrange the following aqueous solutions in order...Ch. 13 - When solutions of BaCl2 and Na2SO4 are mixed, the...Ch. 13 - The dispersed phase of a certain colloidal...Ch. 13 - Phenylcarbinol is used in nasal sprays as a...Ch. 13 - (a) Which aqueous solution is expected to have the...Ch. 13 - Arrange the following aqueous solutions in order...Ch. 13 - Making homemade ice cream is one of lifes great...Ch. 13 - Dimethylglyoxime [DMG, (CH3CNOH)2] is used as a...Ch. 13 - A 10.7 m solution of NaOH has a density of 1.33...Ch. 13 - Concentrated aqueous ammonia has a molarity of...Ch. 13 - If you dissolve 2.00 g of Ca(NO3)2 in 750 g of...Ch. 13 - If you want a solution that is 0.100 m in ions,...Ch. 13 - Consider the following aqueous solutions: (i) 0.20...Ch. 13 - (a) Which solution is expected to have the higher...Ch. 13 - The solubility of NaCl in water at 100 C is 39.1...Ch. 13 - Instead of using NaCl to melt the ice on your...Ch. 13 - The smell of ripe raspberries is due to...Ch. 13 - Hexachlorophene has been used in germicidal soap....Ch. 13 - The solubility of ammonium formate, NH4CHO2, in...Ch. 13 - How much N2 can dissolve in water at 25 C if the...Ch. 13 - Cigars are best stored in a humidor at 18 C and...Ch. 13 - An aqueous solution containing 10.0 g of starch...Ch. 13 - Vinegar is a 5% solution (by weight) of acetic...Ch. 13 - Calculate the enthalpies of solution for Li2SO4...Ch. 13 - Water at 25 C has a density of 0.997 g/cm3....Ch. 13 - If a volatile solute is added to a volatile...Ch. 13 - A solution is made by adding 50.0 mL of ethanol...Ch. 13 - A 2.0% (by mass) aqueous solution of novocainium...Ch. 13 - A solution is 4.00% (by mass) maltose and 96.00%...Ch. 13 - The following table lists the concentrations of...Ch. 13 - A tree is 10.0 m tall. (a) What must be the total...Ch. 13 - A 2.00% solution of H2SO4 in water freezes at...Ch. 13 - A compound is known to be a potassium halide, KX....Ch. 13 - You are given a flask filled with a colored...Ch. 13 - If one is very careful, it is possible to float a...Ch. 13 - A solution of benzoic acid in benzene has a...Ch. 13 - You dissolve 5.0 mg of iodine, I2, in 25 mL of...Ch. 13 - A solution of 5.00 g of acetic acid in 100. g of...Ch. 13 - In a police forensics lab, you examine a package...Ch. 13 - An organic compound contains carbon (71.17%),...Ch. 13 - In chemical research we often send newly...Ch. 13 - When sails of Mg2+, Ca2+, and Be2+ are placed in...Ch. 13 - Explain why a cucumber shrivels up when it is...Ch. 13 - If you dissolve equal molar amounts of NaCl and...Ch. 13 - A 100.-gram sample of sodium chloride (NaCl) is...Ch. 13 - Which of the following substances is/are likely to...Ch. 13 - Account for the fact that alcohols such as...Ch. 13 - Starch contains CC, CH, CO, and OH bonds....Ch. 13 - Which substance would have the greater influence...Ch. 13 - You have two aqueous solutions separated by a...Ch. 13 - A protozoan (single-celled animal) that normally...Ch. 13 - Sodium chloride (NaCl) is commonly used to melt...Ch. 13 - Review the trend in values of the vant Holt factor...Ch. 13 - The table below gives experimentally determined...Ch. 13 - It is interesting how the Fahrenheit temperature...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
The dietary monosaccharides include. sucrose, glucose, and lactose fructose, glucose, and galactose galactose, ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What behaviors would be most helpful in preventing osteoporosis?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

All the human senses have ___. (1.3)

An Introduction to Physical Science

What is a life cycle?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

How does a muscle fiber incur an oxygen debt?

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

A very large, thin, flat plate of aluminum of area A has a total charge Q uniformly distributed over its surfac...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)